H. R. 1879
To promote secure ferry transportation and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
May 12, 2011
Mr. LARSEN of Washington (for himself, Mr. DICKS, Mr. INSLEE, Mr. SMITH of
Washington, Mr. MCDERMOTT, Mr. GRIMM, Mr. KEATING, Mr. SIRES, Ms. PINGREE
of Maine, Mr. BUTTERFIELD, Mr. BISHOP of New York, and Mr. CONNOLLY of Virginia)
introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation
To promote secure ferry transportation and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `United States Ferry Systems Investment Act of
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress finds the following:
(1) Ferries are a vital part of the United States transportation system,
carrying more than 100,000,000 passengers annually in at least 38 States.
(2) In many congested metropolitan areas, ferries are one of the few remaining
options for significant transportation capacity expansion.
(3) Ferries are the sole or primary transportation connection for many island
and isolated communities.
(4) Ferries provide a critical emergency evacuation alternative for both
large cities and remote locations.
(5) Ferries can be part of an interim solution when transportation infrastructure
fails. For example, ferries were used to provide interim transportation
after the terrorist attacks in New York on September 11, 2001, disrupted
train service and after part of the San Francisco Bay Bridge collapsed in
the Loma Prieta earthquake.
(6) Ferries offer a relatively energy-efficient, environmentally friendly,
and low-stress mode of travel.
(7) Almost all of the largest and most important ferry services are publicly
owned or provide transportation at public terminals, are integrated with
other transportation modes, and are operated in a manner to serve the public
(8) According to the Secretary of Transportation, almost 25 percent of United
States ferries are 40 years or older and 5 percent of United States ferries
are 60 years or older.
(9) Federal investment in the United States ferry system is necessary because--
(A) of the unique and important role ferries play in the United States
(B) of the large and growing need for new and replacement ferry vessels
and terminals; and
(C) ferries do not fit neatly into other Federal mode-specific transportation
(10) The distribution of Federal ferry funds by formula is appropriate because
that method of distribution would dedicate funding to the largest and most
important public ferry systems.
(11) The distribution of Federal ferry funds by discretionary awards is
also appropriate because that method of distribution would help initiate
and expand ferry services throughout the United States.
SEC. 3. SECRETARY DEFINED.
In this Act, the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Transportation.
SEC. 4. CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL FACILITIES.
Section 147 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking subsections
(c), (d), and (e) and inserting the following:
`(c) Distribution of Funds- The funds made available to carry out this section
for a fiscal year shall be allocated to those ferry systems and public entities
responsible for developing ferries as follows:
`(1) Fifty percent of such funds shall be allocated at the discretion of
`(2) Fifty percent of such funds shall be allocated in accordance with the
formula set out in subsection (d).
`(d) Formula- The funds referred to in subsection (c)(2) shall be distributed
`(1) Fifty percent shall be based on the total annual number of passengers
carried by a ferry system.
`(2) Twenty-five percent shall be based on the total annual number of vehicles
carried by a ferry system.
`(3) Twenty-five percent shall be based on the total route miles serviced
by a ferry system.
`(1) IN GENERAL- There shall be available to the Secretary from the Highway
Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $200,000,000 for each of
the fiscal years 2012 through 2018 to carry out this section.
`(2) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- Notwithstanding section 118(b), funds made
available to carry out this section shall remain available until expended.'.
SEC. 5. ELIGIBILITY OF FERRIES FOR THE CLEAN FUELS GRANT PROGRAM.
Section 5308 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)(2)(A)--
(A) in clause (i) by striking the semicolon and inserting `, or ferries;';
(B) in clause (iii) by striking the semicolon and inserting `or ferries;';
(A) in the heading by striking the period and inserting `and Ferries.';
(B) by striking the period at the end and inserting `or ferries.'.
SEC. 6. FERRY JOINT PROGRAM OFFICE.
(a) Establishment and Purpose-
(1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish within the Department of
Transportation a Ferry Joint Program Office (in this section, referred to
as the `Office') for the purposes described in paragraph (2).
(2) PURPOSES- The purposes of the Office shall be--
(A) to coordinate Federal programs affecting ferry and ferry facility
construction, maintenance, operations, and security; and
(B) to promote transportation by ferry as a component of the United States
(b) Functions- The head of the Office shall carry out the following functions:
(1) Coordinating programs related to ferry transportation carried out by
the Department of Transportation, including programs carried out by the
Federal Highway Administration, the Federal Transit Administration, the
Maritime Administration, and the Research and Innovative Technology Administration,
and such programs carried out by the Department of Homeland Security and
other Federal and State agencies, as appropriate.
(2) Ensuring resource accountability for programs carried out by the Secretary
related to ferry transportation.
(3) Providing strategic leadership for research, development, testing, and
deployment of technologies related to ferry transportation.
(4) Promoting ferry transportation as a means to reduce social, economic,
and environmental costs associated with traffic congestion.
(5) Developing energy-efficient operating models to reduce carbon emissions
associated with ferry transportation.
SEC. 7. NATIONAL FERRY DATABASE.
Section 1801(e) of the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation
Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (Public Law 109-59; 23 U.S.C. 129 note) is
(1) in paragraph (2) by inserting `, including any Federal, State, or local
government funding sources,' after `sources'; and
(A) in subparagraph (B) by striking `and' at the end;
(B) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D);
(C) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
`(C) ensure that the database is consistent with the national transit
database maintained by the Federal Transit Administration; and'; and
(D) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated by subparagraph (B) of this paragraph,
by striking `2009' and inserting `2018'.
SEC. 8. NATIONAL FERRY TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE.
(a) Establishment- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this
Act, the Secretary shall award a grant to a college to establish a National
Ferry Transportation Institute (in this section referred to as an `Institute')
at the college.
(b) Administration- The Secretary shall award and administer the grant under
subsection (a) in cooperation with the heads of appropriate entities of the
Department of Transportation and of the appropriate State transportation department,
public ferry transportation authorities, private ferry operators, ferry builders,
ferry transportation employees, and other colleges, universities, and research
(c) Functions- The Institute--
(A) conduct research and recommend development activities on methods of
improving ferry transportation programs in the United States, including
methods of reducing wake, providing alternative propulsion, integrating
use of clean, renewable fuels, and testing advanced materials for use
in ferry construction;
(B) develop and conduct training programs for ferry transportation system
employees, United States Government employees, and other individuals,
as appropriate, on developments, techniques, and procedures pertaining
to the construction and operation of ferries;
(C) encourage and assist collaborative efforts by public and private entities
to preserve, improve, and expand the use of ferries as a mode of transportation;
(D) preserve, utilize, and display historical information about the use
of ferry transportation in the United States and in foreign countries;
(E) develop models and recommendations to enhance security on ferries
and in and around ferry facilities; and
(2) may provide funds from a grant under subsection (a) to a contractor
or other entity to assist the Institute in carrying out the functions described
in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (1).
(d) Selection Criteria- The Secretary shall award the grant under subsection
(a) on the basis of the following criteria:
(1) The extent to which the needs of the State in which the applicant is
located are representative of the importance of public and private ferries
to the region's transportation system, including both regional travel and
long-range travel and service to isolated communities.
(2) The historical importance of ferry transportation to the region in which
the applicant is located.
(3) The history and diversity of such region in the maritime community,
including ferry construction and repair and other shipbuilding activities.
(4) The anticipated growth of ferry transportation and the building of ferries
in such region.
(5) The availability of public-private collaboration in such region.
(6) The demonstrated research and extension resources available to the applicant
to successfully carry out the functions described in subsection (c).
(e) Requirement for Non-Federal Funding- A college may not be awarded the
grant under subsection (a) unless the college is able to provide 25 percent
of the costs associated with establishing, operating, and maintaining the
Institute and the research and development activities carried out by the Institute
from non-Federal sources.
(f) Report- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act,
and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on
activities carried out under this section, including a description of the
activities carried out by the Institute.
(g) Authorization of Appropriations- There is authorized to be appropriated
to the Secretary $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2012 through 2018 to
carry out this section.