HR 1938 Calendar No. 116112th
House Passed Bill 279-147
on Senate Calendar
H. R. 1938
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
Read the second time and placed on the calendarAN
To direct the President to expedite the consideration
and approval of the construction and operation of the Keystone XL oil pipeline,
and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `North American-Made
Energy Security Act'.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
finds and declares the following:
(1) The United States currently
imports more than half of the oil it consumes, often from countries hostile to
United States interests or with political and economic instability that compromises
(2) While a significant portion of imports
are derived from allies such as Canada and Mexico, the United States remains vulnerable
to substantial supply disruptions created by geopolitical tumult in major producing
(3) Strong increases in oil consumption in the
developing world outpace growth in conventional oil supplies, bringing tight market
conditions and higher oil prices in periods of global economic expansion or when
supplies are threatened.
(4) The development and delivery
of oil and gas from Canada to the United States is in the national interest of
the United States in order to secure oil supplies to fill needs that are projected
to otherwise be filled by increases in other foreign supplies, notably from the
(5) Continued development of North American
energy resources, including Canadian oil, increases domestic refiners' access
to stable and reliable sources of crude and improves certainty of fuel supply
for the Department of Defense, the largest consumer of petroleum in the United
(6) Canada and the United States have the world's
largest two-way trading relationship. Therefore, for every United States dollar
spent on products from Canada, including oil, 90 cents is returned to the United
States economy. When the same metrics are applied to trading relationships with
some other major sources of United States crude oil imports, returns are much
(7) The principal choice for Canadian oil exporters
is between moving increasing crude oil volumes to the United States or Asia, led
by China. Increased Canadian oil exports to China will result in increased United
States crude oil imports from other foreign sources, especially the Middle East.
(8) Increased Canadian crude oil imports into the United States correspondingly
reduce the scale of `wealth transfers' to other more distant foreign sources resulting
from the greater cost of importing crude oil from those sources.
(9) Not only are United States companies major investors in Canadian oil sands,
but many United States businesses throughout the country benefit from supplying
goods and services required for ongoing Canadian oil sands operations and expansion.
(10) There has been more than 2 years of consideration and a coordinated review
by more than a dozen Federal agencies of the technical aspects and of the environmental,
social, and economic impacts of the proposed pipeline project known as the Keystone
XL from Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska, and then on to the United
States Gulf Coast through Cushing, Oklahoma.
XL represents a high capacity pipeline supply option that could meet early as
well as long-term market demand for crude oil to United States refineries, and
could also potentially bring over 100,000 barrels per day of United States Bakken
crudes to market.
(12) Completion of the Keystone XL
pipeline would increase total Keystone pipeline capacity by 700,000 barrels per
day to 1,290,000 barrels per day.
(13) The Keystone XL
pipeline would provide short-term and long-term employment opportunities and related
labor income benefits, as well as government revenues associated with sales and
(14) The earliest possible construction
of the Keystone XL pipeline will make the extensive proven and potential reserves
of Canadian oil available for United States use and increase United States jobs
and will therefore serve the national interest.
Analysis using the Environmental Protection Agency models shows that the Keystone
XL pipeline will result in no significant change in total United States or global
greenhouse gas emissions.
(16) The Keystone XL pipeline
would be state-of-the-art and have a degree of safety higher than any other typically
constructed domestic oil pipeline system.
of the extensive governmental studies already made with respect to the Keystone
XL project and the national interest in early delivery of Canadian oil to United
States markets, a decision with respect to a Presidential Permit for the Keystone
XL pipeline should be promptly issued without further administrative delay or
SEC. 3. EXPEDITED APPROVAL PROCESS.
(a) In General- The President, acting through the Secretary of Energy, shall coordinate
with each Federal agency responsible for coordinating or considering an aspect
of the President's National Interest Determination and Presidential Permit decision
regarding construction and operation of the Keystone XL pipeline, to ensure that
all necessary actions with respect to such decision are taken on an expedited
(b) Agency Cooperation With Secretary of Energy- Each
Federal agency described in subsection (a) shall comply with any deadline established
by the Secretary of Energy pursuant to subsection (a).
Order- Not later than 30 days after the issuance of the final environmental impact
statement, the President shall issue a final order granting or denying the Presidential
Permit for the Keystone XL pipeline, but in no event shall such decision be made
later than November 1, 2011.
(d) Environmental Review- No action
by the Secretary of Energy pursuant to this section shall affect any duty or responsibility
to comply with any requirement to conduct environmental review.
(e) Sense of Congress- It is the sense of Congress that the United States must
decrease its dependence on oil from countries which are hostile to the interests
of the United States. Canada has long been a strong trading partner, and increased
access to their energy resources will create jobs in the United States.
the House of Representatives July 26, 2011.
KAREN L. HAAS,