H. R. 1966
To amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to establish
a partnership program in foreign languages.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
May 24, 2011
Mr. HOLT (for himself, Mr. WU, Mr. PIERLUISI, Mr. GRIJALVA, Mr. POLIS, Mr.
VAN HOLLEN, and Mr. REYES) introduced the following bill; which was referred
to the Committee on Education and Workforce
To amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to establish
a partnership program in foreign languages.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `Foreign Language Education Partnership Program
SEC. 2. PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES.
(a) In General- Section 5494 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7259c) is amended to read as follows:
`SEC. 5494. PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES.
`(a) Purposes- The purposes of this section are--
`(1) to provide grants for developing and maintaining model programs of
articulated foreign language learning from kindergarten through grade 12
that increase the number of students graduating from high school with an
advanced level of proficiency in at least one foreign language; and
`(2) to widely disseminate information on the model programs that demonstrate
`(1) IN GENERAL- From the amounts made available to carry out this section
for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall make grants to eligible partnerships
to develop and maintain, or to improve and expand, model programs that support
articulated foreign language learning in kindergarten through grade 12.
`(2) PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT- For the first 2 fiscal years that an eligible
partnership receives funds under paragraph (1) for a model program on a
less-commonly-taught foreign language (as determined by the Secretary),
the Secretary may allow that partnership, based on demonstrated need, to
use those funds for planning and development activities, including--
`(A) development of an articulated instructional curriculum for the less-commonly-taught
foreign language to which the model program relates;
`(B) in-service and pre-service development of teachers, and development
of curriculum and language assessments in the less-commonly-taught foreign
language to which the model program relates; and
`(C) development of contextual programs and curriculum materials related
to the less-commonly-taught foreign language to which the model program
relates, as described in subsection (e).
`(1) IN GENERAL- Each eligible partnership desiring a grant under this section
shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner,
and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
`(2) CONTENTS- Each application shall--
`(A) identify each member of the partnership, provide contact information
and letters of commitment for each such member, and describe the responsibilities
of each such member, including--
`(i) identifying the member that will receive and manage the grant;
`(ii) specifying how each member will be involved in the planning, development,
and implementation of the activities proposed under the grant;
`(iii) describing the resources to be provided by each member; and
`(iv) describing how each member will contribute to ensuring the continuity
of student progress in proficiency from kindergarten through grade 12
in not less than 1 foreign language to which the program relates;
`(B) describe how an articulated curriculum for students to achieve an
advanced level of proficiency by grade 12 in the foreign language will
be developed and implemented;
`(C) identify target proficiency levels in the foreign language for students
at critical benchmarks, and describe how progress toward those proficiency
levels will be assessed at the benchmarks;
`(D) describe how the partnership will support and continue the program
after the grant has expired, including how the partnership will seek support
from other sources, such as State and local governments, foundations,
and the private sector; and
`(E) describe what assessments will be used or, if assessments are not
available, how assessments will be developed.
`(d) Use of Funds- An eligible partnership receiving a grant under this section--
`(1) shall use grant funds--
`(A) to design model programs and teaching strategies relating to not
less than one foreign language that are informed by the best practices
recognized by the field and by available research;
`(B) to develop, for the foreign language to which the model program relates,
curriculum materials based on an articulated framework or approach designed
to bring students to an advanced level of proficiency by grade 12;
`(C) to recruit students and teachers for the foreign language, such as
individuals from heritage populations; and
`(D) to carry out teacher in-service and pre-service professional development
programs, including summer institutes, that support the model programs;
`(A)(i) to develop nationally recognized assessments for kindergarten
through grade 12 for the foreign language to which the model program relates,
if such assessments do not exist for that language; or
`(ii) to enhance nationally recognized assessments for kindergarten through
grade 12 for the foreign language to which the model program relates,
if such assessments already exist for that language;
`(B) to provide scholarships and incentives to recruit new teachers for
the foreign language, and encourage practicing teachers to take advantage
of the professional development opportunities;
`(C) to provide opportunities for maximum foreign language exposure for
students domestically, such as the creation of immersion environments
in the classroom and school and on weekend or summer experiences, and
special tutoring and academic support;
`(D) to provide the possibility for multiple entry points for studying
the foreign language;
`(E) to provide scholarships for study-abroad opportunities related to
the foreign language, for students in grades 9 through 12 and teachers
and prospective teachers of such students, except that the eligible entity
shall not use more than 20 percent of the grant funds for this purpose;
`(F) to carry out activities to integrate foreign languages into the school
curriculum and generate whole-school collaboration, including activities
and support for teachers of other subjects and administrators;
`(G) to carry out activities to encourage community involvement in the
model program, especially with respect to heritage communities;
`(H) to incorporate effective and innovative uses of technology to enhance
student learning and teaching in the foreign language;
`(I) to develop certification and alternative certification programs at
the State level, especially for less-commonly-taught foreign languages
(as determined by the Secretary);
`(J) to obtain technical assistance in the development and implementation
of the model program funded under this section; and
`(K) to recruit or appoint a language supervisor to oversee and coordinate
the progress of the articulated foreign language program funded under
this section across grade levels in the local educational agency.
`(e) Contextual Dimension- A grant under this section may not be used to support
a model program unless the program includes a dimension, carried out in conjunction
with foreign language instruction, under which each foreign language learner
also participates in programs to expand the understanding and knowledge of
historic, geographic, cultural, economic, and other contextual factors of
countries with populations who speak the foreign language to which the model
`(f) Research and Evaluation-
`(1) IN GENERAL- A grant under this section may not be used to support a
model program unless the program includes a research and evaluation component,
`(A) information is collected and analyzed regarding the effectiveness
of activities carried out under the program, including--
`(ii) student and teacher recruitment strategies;
`(iii) curricular approaches;
`(iv) teacher development; and
`(v) foreign language assessment instruments;
`(B) information is collected and analyzed regarding the impact of each
activity in subparagraph (A) on the foreign language proficiency of the
`(C) information is collected and analyzed regarding program participation,
including data on student enrollments and numbers of foreign language
`(D) the information collected, and the analyses of that information,
are made widely available to the public.
`(2) STANDARDIZATION- The Secretary shall provide guidelines to standardize
the categories of information collected and analyzed under paragraph (1)
and the manner in which that information is collected, analyzed, and made
available to the public.
`(g) Duration of Payments-
`(1) INITIAL GRANTS- An initial grant awarded under this section to an eligible
partnership shall be for a period of 4 years.
`(2) ADDITIONAL GRANTS- An eligible partnership completing a 4-year grant
award under this section may be eligible for not more than 2 additional
5-year awards under this section, but only if the partnership demonstrates,
based on nationally recognized standardized foreign language assessments,
that the partnership's model program is effective.
`(h) Matching Requirement-
`(1) IN GENERAL- An eligible partnership that receives a grant under this
section shall provide, toward the cost of carrying out the activities supported
by the grant, from non-Federal sources an amount equal to--
`(A) 20 percent of the amount of the grant payment for the first fiscal
year for which a grant payment is made;
`(B) 30 percent of the amount of the grant payment for the second such
`(C) 40 percent of the amount of the grant payment for the third such
fiscal year; and
`(D) 50 percent of the amount of the grant payment for the fourth such
fiscal year, and for each year of any subsequent grants made to the eligible
partnership under this section.
`(2) NON-FEDERAL SHARE- The non-Federal share required under paragraph (1)
may be provided in cash or in-kind.
`(3) WAIVER- The Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, the matching
requirement under paragraph (1) for any fiscal year if--
`(A) the eligible partnership demonstrates hardship and the waiver will
best serve the purposes of this section; or
`(B) the foreign language to which the model program relates is a less-commonly-taught
foreign language (as determined by the Secretary).
`(i) Supplement Not Supplant- Grant funds provided under this section shall
be used to supplement, not supplant, other Federal and non-Federal funds available
to carry out the activities described in this section.
`(j) Data Collection, Analysis, and Dissemination-
`(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may reserve not more than 3 percent of the
total amount appropriated for this section for any fiscal year to--
`(A) annually collect and analyze data on the model programs supported
under this section; and
`(B) disseminate nationally, including through a Web-based clearinghouse--
`(i) aggregated data collected under subparagraph (A); and
`(ii) promising kindergarten through grade 12 foreign language learning
and teaching practices, and successful program models, that are developed
under this section.
`(2) AUTHORITY FOR GRANTS OR CONTRACTS- The activities described in paragraph
(1) may be carried out by the Secretary directly or through grants or contracts
to institutions of higher education or public or private nonprofit agencies
`(k) Definitions- In this section:
`(1) ADVANCED LEVEL OF PROFICIENCY- The term `advanced level of proficiency'
`(A) the advanced level as measured by the American Council on the Teaching
of Foreign Languages;
`(B) level 2 as measured by the Interagency Language Roundtable; or
`(C) any other nationally recognized measure of advanced standards of
foreign language proficiency, as determined by the Secretary.
`(2) ARTICULATED- The term `articulated' means that each grade level of
the foreign language program is designed to sequentially expand on the student
achievement of the previous level with a goal toward achieving an established
level of language proficiency.
`(3) ELIGIBLE PARTNERSHIP- The term `eligible partnership' means a partnership
`(i) one or more local educational agencies or State educational agencies;
`(ii) one or more institutions of higher education, which shall include--
`(I) a school, department, or program within the institution or institutions
of higher education that provides a teacher preparation program;
`(II) a school, department, program, or center within the institution
or institutions of higher education that provides a program of study
or research in foreign languages; and
`(III) a school, department, program, or center within the institution
or institutions of higher education that provides programs of study
about the historic, geographic, cultural, economic, and other contextual
factors of the world area or country with populations who speak the
foreign language to which the model program relates; and
`(B) may also include one or more businesses or nonprofit organizations.
`(l) Authorization of Appropriations- There are authorized to be appropriated
to carry out this section $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2012 and such sums as
may be necessary for each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years.'.
(b) Findings and Purposes- Subpart 9 of part D of title V of the Elementary
and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7259 et seq.) is further amended
by inserting after section 5491 the following:
`SEC. 5491A. FINDINGS; PURPOSES.
`(a) Findings- Congress finds the following:
`(1) According to the National Research Council in 2007, a pervasive lack
of knowledge about foreign cultures and foreign languages in this country
threatens the security of the United States as well as its ability to compete
in the global marketplace and produce an informed citizenry.
`(2) According to the National Research Council in 2007, early language
learning in elementary and secondary school is key to establishing a pipeline
of students who can eventually reach a high enough level of proficiency
in foreign language and culture to meet national needs.
`(3) According to the Committee for Economic Development in 2006, current
efforts to develop language skills and knowledge of world regions at an
early age are clearly inadequate to prepare high school graduates with the
skills necessary for productivity and citizenship in an integrated global
`(4) The American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages found that
only 34 percent of United States students in kindergarten through grade
12 were enrolled in foreign language classes in 2000. Furthermore, the length
of time students spend studying languages at school has stagnated, so that
many students reach only introductory levels of proficiency.
`(5) Research demonstrates that success lies not only in the number of years
of learning but also in having carefully sequenced and articulated programs
of language learning across a child's school experience, requiring bridging
the gaps between levels in foreign language education.
`(6) A survey of secondary school principals and foreign language teachers
by the Center for Applied Linguistics in 1999 identified a shortage of foreign
language teachers as a major impediment to greater foreign language learning,
along with funding, lack of training, and poor academic counseling.
`(b) Purposes- The purposes of this subpart are--
`(1) to provide grants for model programs that address the needs for developing,
strengthening, and expanding the teaching and learning of foreign languages
and foreign cultures in the elementary and secondary schools of the United
`(2) to widely disseminate information on successful programs and practices.'.
(c) Technical Amendments- The table of contents in section 2 of such Act is
(1) by inserting after the item relating to section 5491 the following:
`Sec. 5491A. Findings; purposes.';
(2) by striking the item relating to section 5494 and inserting the following:
`Sec. 5494. Partnership program in foreign languages.'.