H. R. 214
To establish a Congressional Office of Regulatory Analysis, to require
the periodic review and automatic termination of Federal regulations, and
for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 7, 2011
Mr. YOUNG of Alaska introduced the following bill; which was referred to
the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Oversight
and Government Reform, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker,
in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction
of the committee concerned
To establish a Congressional Office of Regulatory Analysis, to require
the periodic review and automatic termination of Federal regulations, and
for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `Congressional Office of Regulatory Analysis
Creation and Sunset and Review Act of 2011'.
SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
The table of contents for this Act is as follows:
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
TITLE I--CONGRESSIONAL OFFICE OF REGULATORY ANALYSIS
Sec. 101. Establishment of Office.
Sec. 102. Responsibilities.
Sec. 103. Effective date.
TITLE II--REGULATORY SUNSET AND REVIEW
Sec. 202. Review of regulations.
Sec. 204. Criteria for sunset review.
Sec. 205. Sunset review procedures.
Sec. 206. Review deadlines for covered rules.
Sec. 207. Sunset review notices and agency reports.
Sec. 208. Designation of agency regulatory review officer.
Sec. 209. Relationship to other law.
Sec. 210. Effect of termination of a covered rule.
Sec. 211. Judicial review.
Sec. 213. Effective date.
Sec. 214. Sunset of this title.
TITLE I--CONGRESSIONAL OFFICE OF REGULATORY ANALYSIS
SEC. 101. ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE.
(1) IN GENERAL- There is established a Congressional Office of Regulatory
Analysis (in this title referred to as the `Office').
(2) DIRECTOR- The Office shall have a Director (in this title referred to
as the `Director') who shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of
Representatives and the majority leader of the Senate after considering
recommendations received from the Committee on Oversight and Government
Reform of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security
and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, without regard to political affiliation
and solely on the basis of the Director's ability to perform the duties
of the Office.
(A) IN GENERAL- The term of office of the Director shall be 4 years, but
no Director shall be permitted to serve more than 3 terms.
(B) VACANCY- Any individual appointed as Director to fill a vacancy prior
to the expiration of a term shall serve only for the unexpired portion
of that term. An individual serving as Director at the expiration of that
term may continue to serve until the individual's successor is appointed.
(4) REMOVAL- The Director may be removed by a concurrent resolution of the
(5) COMPENSATION- The Director shall be paid at a rate equal to the rate
of basic pay for level III of the Executive Schedule in section 5314 of
title 5, United States Code.
(1) IN GENERAL- The Director shall appoint and fix the compensation of such
personnel as may be necessary to carry out the duties and functions of the
(2) APPOINTMENT- All personnel of the Office shall be appointed without
regard to political affiliation and solely on the basis of their fitness
to perform their duties.
(3) DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES- The Director may prescribe the duties and
responsibilities of the personnel of the Office, and delegate to them authority
to perform any of the duties, powers, and functions imposed on the Office
or on the Director.
(4) EMPLOYEE STATUS- For purposes of pay (other than pay of the Director)
and employment benefits, rights, and privileges, all personnel of the Office
shall be treated as if they were employees of the House of Representatives.
(c) Experts and Consultants- In carrying out the duties and functions of the
Office, the Director may procure temporary (not to exceed one year) and intermittent
services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, but at rates
for individuals not to exceed the daily equivalent of the maximum annual rate
of basic pay under the General Schedule of section 5332 of title 5, United
(d) Relationship to Executive Branch-
(1) INFORMATION REQUESTS- The Director is authorized to secure information,
data, estimates, and statistics directly from the various departments, agencies,
and establishments of the executive branch of Government, including the
Office of Management and Budget, and the regulatory agencies and commissions
of the Government. All such departments, agencies, establishments, and regulatory
agencies and commissions shall promptly furnish the Director any available
material which the Director determines to be necessary in the performance
of the Director's duties and functions (other than material the disclosure
of which would be a violation of law).
(2) USE OF SERVICES, FACILITIES, AND PERSONNEL- The Director is authorized,
upon agreement with the head of any such department, agency, establishment,
or regulatory agency or commission, to use its services, facilities, and
personnel with or without reimbursement, and the head of each such department,
agency, establishment, or regulatory agency or commission is authorized
to provide the Office such services, facilities, and personnel.
(e) Relationship to Other Agencies of Congress- In carrying out the duties
and functions of the Office, and for the purpose of coordinating the operations
of the Office with those of other congressional agencies with a view to using
most effectively the information, services, and capabilities of all such agencies
in carrying out the various responsibilities assigned to each, the Director
is authorized to obtain information, data, estimates, and statistics developed
by the General Accountability Office, the Congressional Budget Office, and
the Congressional Research Service, and upon agreement with the Comptroller
General, the Director of the Congressional Budget Office, or the Director
of the Congressional Research Service to use their services, facilities, and
personnel with or without reimbursement. The Comptroller General and such
Directors are authorized to provide the Office with the information, data,
estimates, and statistics, and the services, facilities, and personnel, referred
to in the preceding sentence.
(f) Assistance to the Congress- The Director shall provide to the Committee
on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, information
that will assist the committee in the discharge of all matters within its
jurisdiction, including information with respect to its jurisdiction over
authorization and oversight of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs
of the Office of Management and Budget.
(1) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION- The Office shall make available information
from its activities in accordance with section 552 of title 5, United States
(2) PUBLIC DOCKET- The Office shall maintain a publicly available log of
information (other than information which may not be released under section
552(b) of title 5, United States Code) that shall contain--
(A) all written communications, regardless of format, between Office personnel
and any person who is not employed by the Federal Government; and
(B) the dates and names of individuals involved in all substantive oral
communications, including meetings and telephone conversations between
Office personnel and any person not employed by the Federal Government,
and the subject matter of such communications.
(h) Appropriations- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Office
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2012 through 2019.
SEC. 102. RESPONSIBILITIES.
(a) Transfer of Functions Under Chapter 8 From GAO to Office-
(1) Director's NEW AUTHORITY- Section 801 of title 5, United States Code,
(A) by striking `Comptroller General' each place it occurs and inserting
`Director of the Office'; and
(B) by striking `the Comptroller General's report' in subsection (a)(2)(B)
and inserting `the report of the Director of the Office'.
(2) DEFINITION- Section 804 is amended by adding at the end the following:
`(4) The term `Director of the Office' means the Director of the Congressional
Office of Regulatory Affairs established by section 101 of the Congressional
Office of Regulatory Analysis Creation and Sunset and Review Act of 2011.'.
(3) MAJOR RULES- Section 801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, is
amended to read as follows:
`(2)(A) The Director of the Office shall provide a report on each major rule
to the committees of jurisdiction in each House of the Congress by the end
of 30 calendar days after the submission or publication date as provided in
section 802(b)(2). The report of the Director shall include--
`(i) an assessment of the compliance by the Federal agency with the requirements
in paragraph (1)(B); and
`(ii) an analysis of the rule by the Director, using any relevant data and
analyses generated by the Federal agency and any data of the Office, including
`(I) A description of the potential benefits of the rule, including any
beneficial effects that cannot be quantified in monetary terms and the
identification of those likely to receive the benefits.
`(II) A description of the potential costs of the rule, including any
adverse effects that cannot be quantified in monetary terms and the identification
of those likely to bear the costs.
`(III) A determination of the potential net benefits of the rule, including
an evaluation of effects that cannot be quantified in monetary terms.
`(IV) A description of alternative approaches that could achieve the same
regulatory goal at a lower cost, together with an analysis of the potential
benefits and costs and a brief explanation of the legal reasons why such
alternatives, if proposed, could not be adopted.
`(V) A summary of how these results differ, if at all, from the results
that the promulgating agency received when conducting similar analyses.'.
(4) NONMAJOR RULES- The Office shall conduct an assessment and analysis,
as described in section 801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, of
any nonmajor rule, as defined in section 804(3) of such title, when requested
to do so by a committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate or
by an individual Representative or Senator.
(A) ASSIGNMENT- To ensure that analysis of the most significant regulations
occurs, the Office shall give first priority to, and shall conduct analyses
of, all major rules, as defined in section 804(2) of title 5, United States
Code. Secondary priority shall be assigned to requests from committees
of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Tertiary priority shall
be assigned to requests from individual Representatives and Senators.
(B) DISCRETION TO DIRECTOR OF OFFICE- The Director of the Office shall
have the discretion to assign priority among the secondary and tertiary
(b) Transfer of Certain Functions Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of
1995 From CBO to Office-
(1) COST OF REGULATIONS- Section 103 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1511) is amended--
(A) in subsection (b), by striking `the Director' and inserting `the Director
of the Congressional Office of Regulatory Analysis'; and
(B) in subsection (c), by inserting after `Budget Office' the following:
`or the Director of the Congressional Office of Regulatory Analysis'.
(2) ASSISTANCE TO THE CONGRESSIONAL OFFICE OF REGULATORY ANALYSIS- Section
206 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1536) is amended--
(A) by amending the section heading to read as follows: `sec. 206. assistance
to the congressional office of regulatory analysis.'; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking `the Director of the Congressional Budget
Office' and inserting `the Director of the Congressional Office of Regulatory
(c) Other Reports- In addition to the analyses of major and nonmajor rules
described in subsection (a), the Office shall also issue an annual report
including estimates of the total costs and benefits of all existing Federal
SEC. 103. EFFECTIVE DATE.
This title and the amendments made by this title shall take effect 180 days
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
TITLE II--REGULATORY SUNSET AND REVIEW
SEC. 201. PURPOSES.
The purposes of this title are--
(1) to require agencies to regularly review their significant rules to determine
whether they should be continued without change, modified, consolidated
with another rule, or terminated;
(2) to require agencies to consider the comments of the public, the regulated
community, and the Congress regarding the actual costs and burdens of rules
being reviewed under this title, and whether the rules are obsolete, unnecessary,
duplicative, conflicting, or otherwise inconsistent;
(3) to require that any rules continued in effect under this title meet
all the legal requirements that would apply to the issuance of a new rule,
including any applicable Federal cost-benefit and risk assessment requirements;
(4) to provide for the review of significant rules and other rules through
a sunset review process and to provide for the repeal or other change in
such rules in accordance with chapters 5 and 7 of title 5, United States
(5) to provide for a petition process that allows the public and appropriate
committees of the Congress to request that other rules that are not significant
be reviewed in the same manner as significant rules; and
(6) to require the Administrator to coordinate and be responsible for sunset
reviews conducted by the agencies.
SEC. 202. REVIEW OF REGULATIONS.
A covered rule shall be subject to review in accordance with this title. Upon
completion of such review, the agency which has jurisdiction over such rule
(1) issue a final report under section 207(c)(2) continuing such rule; or
(2) conduct a rulemaking in accordance with section 207(d) to modify, consolidate
with another rule, or terminate such rule.
SEC. 203. COVERED RULES.
(a) Covered Rules- For purposes of this title, a covered rule is a rule that--
(1) is determined by the Administrator to be a significant rule under subsection
(2) is any other rule designated by the agency which has jurisdiction over
such rule or by the Administrator under this title for sunset review.
(b) Significant Rules- For purposes of this title, a significant rule is a
rule that the Administrator determines--
(1) has resulted in or is likely to result in an annual effect on the economy
of $100,000,000 or more;
(2) is a major rule, as defined in section 804(2) of title 5, United States
(3) was issued pursuant to a significant regulatory action, as that term
is defined in Executive Order 12866 (5 U.S.C. 601 note; relating to regulatory
planning and review).
(1) IN GENERAL- Any person adversely affected by a rule that is not a significant
rule may submit a petition to the agency which has jurisdiction over the
rule requesting that such agency designate the rule for sunset review. Such
agency shall designate the rule for sunset review unless such agency determines
that it would not be in the public interest to conduct a sunset review of
the rule. In making such determination, such agency shall take into account
the number and nature of other petitions received on the same rule, whether
or not they have already been denied.
(2) FORM AND CONTENT OF PETITION- A petition under paragraph (1)--
(A) shall be in writing, but is not otherwise required to be in any particular
(B) shall identify the rule for which sunset review is requested with
reasonable specificity and state on its face that the petitioner seeks
sunset review of the rule; and
(C) shall be accompanied by a $20 processing fee.
(3) RESPONSE REQUIRED FOR NONCOMPLYING PETITIONS- If such agency determines
that a petition does not meet the requirements of this subsection, such
agency shall provide a response to the petitioner within 30 days after receiving
the petition, notifying the petitioner of the problem and providing information
on how to formulate a petition that meets those requirements.
(4) DECISION WITHIN 90 DAYS- Within the 90-day period beginning on the date
of receiving a petition that meets the requirements of this subsection,
such agency shall transmit a response to the petitioner stating whether
the petition was granted or denied, except that such agency may extend such
period by a total of not more than 30 days.
(5) PETITIONS DEEMED GRANTED FOR SUBSTANTIAL INEXCUSABLE DELAY- A petition
for sunset review of a rule is deemed to have been granted by such agency,
and such agency is deemed to have designated the rule for sunset review,
if a court finds there is a substantial and inexcusable delay, beyond the
period specified in paragraph (4), in notifying the petitioner of such agency's
determination to grant or deny the petition.
(6) PUBLIC LOG- Such agency shall maintain a public log of petitions submitted
under this subsection, that includes the status or disposition of each petition.
(d) Congressional Requests-
(1) IN GENERAL- An appropriate committee of the Congress, or a majority
of the majority party members or a majority of nonmajority party members
of such a committee, may request in writing that the Administrator designate
any rule that is not a significant rule for sunset review. The Administrator
shall designate such rule for sunset review within 30 days after receipt
of such a request unless the Administrator determines that it would not
be in the public interest to conduct a sunset review of such rule.
(2) NOTICE OF DENIAL- If the Administrator denies a congressional request
under this subsection, the Administrator shall transmit to the congressional
committee making the request a notice stating the reasons for the denial.
(e) Publication of Notice of Designation for Sunset Review- After designating
a rule under subsection (c) or (d) for sunset review, the agency or the Administrator
shall promptly publish a notice of that designation in the Federal Register.
SEC. 204. CRITERIA FOR SUNSET REVIEW.
(a) Compliance With Other Laws- In order for any rule subject to sunset review
to continue without change or to be modified or consolidated in accordance
with this title, such rule must be authorized by law and meet all applicable
requirements that would apply if it were issued as a new rule pursuant to
section 553 of title 5, United States Code, or other statutory rulemaking
procedures required for that rule. For purposes of this section, the term
`applicable requirements' includes any requirement for cost-benefit analysis
and any requirement for standardized risk analysis and risk assessment.
(b) Governing Law- If there is a conflict between such applicable requirements
and an Act under which a rule was issued, the conflict shall be resolved in
the same manner as such conflict would be resolved if the agency were issuing
a new rule.
SEC. 205. SUNSET REVIEW PROCEDURES.
(a) Functions of the Administrator-
(1) NOTICE OF RULES SUBJECT TO REVIEW-
(A) INVENTORY AND FIRST LIST- Within one year after the date of the enactment
of this Act, the Administrator shall conduct an inventory of existing
rules and publish a first list of covered rules. The list shall--
(i) specify the particular group to which each significant rule is assigned
under paragraph (2), and state the review deadline for all significant
rules in each such group; and
(ii) include other rules subject to sunset review for any other reason,
and state the review deadline for each such rule.
(B) SUBSEQUENT LISTS- After publication of the first list under subparagraph
(A), the Administrator shall publish an updated list of covered rules
at least annually, specifying the review deadline for each rule on the
(2) GROUPING OF SIGNIFICANT RULES IN FIRST LIST-
(A) STAGGERED REVIEW- The Administrator shall assign each significant
rule in effect on the date of enactment of this Act to one of 4 groups
established by the Administrator to permit orderly and prioritized sunset
reviews, and specify for each group an initial review deadline in accordance
with section 206(a)(1).
(B) PRIORITIZATIONS- In determining which rules shall be given priority
in time in that assignment, the Administrator shall consult with appropriate
agencies, and shall prioritize rule based on--
(i) the grouping of related rules in accordance with paragraph (3);
(ii) the extent of the cost of each rule and on the regulated community
and the public, with priority in time given to those rules that impose
the greatest cost;
(iii) consideration of the views of regulated persons, including State
and local governments;
(iv) whether a particular rule has recently been subject to cost-benefit
analysis and risk assessment, with priority in time given to those rules
that have not been subject to such analysis and assessment;
(v) whether a particular rule was issued under a statutory provision
that provides relatively greater discretion to an official in issuing
the rule, with priority in time given to those rules that were issued
under provisions that provide relatively greater discretion;
(vi) the burden of reviewing each rule on the reviewing agency; and
(vii) the need for orderly processing and the timely completion of the
sunset reviews of existing rules.
(3) GROUPING OF RELATED RULES- The Administrator shall group related rules
under paragraph (2) (and designate other rules) for simultaneous sunset
review based upon their subject matter similarity, functional interrelationships,
and other relevant factors to ensure comprehensive and coordinated review
of redundant, overlapping, and conflicting rules and requirements. The Administrator
shall ensure simultaneous sunset reviews of covered rules without regard
to whether they were issued by the same agency, and shall designate any
other rule for sunset review that is necessary for a comprehensive sunset
review whether or not such other rule is otherwise a covered rule under
(4) GUIDANCE- The Administrator shall provide timely guidance to agencies
on the conduct of sunset reviews and the preparation of sunset review notices
and reports required by this title to ensure uniform, complete, and timely
sunset reviews and to ensure notice and opportunity for public comment consistent
with section 207.
(5) REVIEW AND EVALUATION OF REPORTS- The Administrator shall review and
evaluate each preliminary and final report submitted by the agency pursuant
to this section. Within 90 days after receiving a preliminary report, the
Administrator shall transmit comments to the head of the agency regarding--
(A) the quality of the analysis in the report, including whether the agency
has properly applied section 204;
(B) the consistency of the agency's proposed action with actions of other
(C) whether the rule should be continued without change, modified, consolidated
with another rule, or terminated.
(b) Agency Sunset Review Procedure-
(1) SUNSET REVIEW NOTICE- At least 2 1/2 years before the review deadline
under section 206(a) for a covered rule issued by an agency, the agency
(A) publish a sunset review notice in accordance with section 207(a) in
the Federal Register and, to the extent reasonable and practicable, in
other publications or media that are designed to reach those persons most
affected by the covered rule; and
(B) request the views of the Administrator and the appropriate committees
of the Congress on whether to continue without change, modify, consolidate,
or terminate the covered rule.
(2) PRELIMINARY REPORT- In reviewing a covered rule, the agency shall--
(A) consider public comments and other recommendations generated by a
sunset review notice under paragraph (1); and
(B) at least one year before the review deadline under section 206(a)
for the covered rule, publish in the Federal Register, in accordance with
section 207(b), and transmit to the Administrator and the appropriate
committees of the Congress a preliminary report.
(3) FINAL REPORT- The agency shall consider the public comments and other
recommendations generated by the preliminary report under paragraph (2)
for a covered rule, and shall consult with the appropriate committees of
the Congress before issuing a final report. At least 90 days before the
review deadline of the covered rule, the agency shall publish in the Federal
Register, in accordance with section 207(c)(2) or 207(d), and transmit a
final report to the Administrator and the appropriate committees of the
(4) OPEN PROCEDURES REGARDING SUNSET REVIEW- In any sunset review conducted
pursuant to this title, the agency conducting the review shall make a written
record describing the subject of all contacts the agency or Administrator
made with non-governmental persons outside the agency relating to such review.
The written record of such contact shall be made available, upon request,
to the public.
(c) Effectiveness of Agency Recommendation- If a final report under subsection
(b)(3) recommends that a covered rule should be continued without change,
the covered rule shall be continued. If a final report under subsection (b)(3)
recommends that a covered rule should be modified, consolidated with another
rule, or terminated, the rule may be modified, so consolidated, or terminated
in accordance with section 207(d).
(d) Preservation of Independence of Federal Bank Regulatory Agencies- The
head of any appropriate Federal banking agency (as that term is defined in
section 3(q) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(q)), the
Federal Housing Finance Board, the National Credit Union Administration, and
the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight shall have the authority
with respect to that agency that would otherwise be granted under section
206(a)(2)(B) to the Administrator or other officer designated by the President.
SEC. 206. REVIEW DEADLINES FOR COVERED RULES.
(1) EXISTING SIGNIFICANT RULES- For a significant rule in effect on the
date of the enactment of this Act, the initial review deadline is the last
day of the 4-year, 5-year, 6-year, or 7-year period beginning on the date
of the enactment of this Act, as specified by the Administrator under section
205(a)(2)(A). For any significant rule that 6 months after the date of enactment
is not assigned to such a group specified under section 205(a)(2)(A), the
initial review deadline is the last day of the 4-year period beginning on
the date of enactment of this Act.
(2) NEW SIGNIFICANT RULES- For a significant rule that first takes effect
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the initial review deadline
is the last day of either--
(A) the 3-year period beginning on the date the rule takes effect; or
(B) if the Administrator determines as part of the rulemaking process
that the rule is issued pursuant to negotiated rulemaking procedures or
that compliance with the rule requires substantial capital investment,
the 7-year period beginning on the date the rule takes effect.
(3) RULES COVERED PURSUANT TO PUBLIC PETITION OR CONGRESSIONAL REQUEST-
For any rule subject to sunset review pursuant to a public petition under
section 203(c) or a congressional request under section 203(d), the initial
review deadline is the last day of the 3-year period beginning on--
(A) the date the agency or Administrator so designates the rule for review;
(B) the date of issuance of a final court order that the agency is deemed
to have designated the rule for sunset review.
(4) RELATED RULE DESIGNATED FOR REVIEW- For a rule that the Administrator
designates under section 205(a)(3) for sunset review because it is related
to another covered rule and that is grouped with that other rule for simultaneous
review, the initial review deadline is the same as the review deadline for
that other rule.
(b) Temporary Extension- The review deadline under subsection (a) for a covered
rule may be extended by the Administrator for not more than 6 months by publishing
notice thereof in the Federal Register that describes reasons why the temporary
extension is necessary to respond to or prevent an emergency situation.
(c) Determinations Where Rules Have Been Amended- For purposes of this title,
if various provisions of a covered rule were issued at different times, then
the rule as a whole shall be treated as if it were issued on the later of--
(1) the date of issuance of the provision of the rule that was issued first;
(2) the date the most recent review and revision of the rule under this
title was completed.
SEC. 207. SUNSET REVIEW NOTICES AND AGENCY REPORTS.
(a) Sunset Review Notice- The sunset review notice under section 205(b)(1)
for a rule shall--
(1) request comments regarding whether the rule should be continued without
change, modified, consolidated with another rule, or terminated;
(2) if applicable, request comments regarding whether the rule meets the
applicable Federal cost-benefit and risk assessment criteria; and
(3) solicit comments about the past implementation and effects of the rule,
(A) the direct and indirect costs incurred because of the rule, including
the net reduction in the value of private property (whether real, personal,
tangible, or intangible), and whether the incremental benefits of the
rule exceeded the incremental costs of the rule, both generally and regarding
each of the specific industries and sectors it covers;
(B) whether the rule as a whole, or any major feature of it, is outdated,
obsolete, or unnecessary, whether by change of technology, the marketplace,
(C) the extent to which the rule or information required to comply with
the rule duplicated, conflicted, or overlapped with requirements under
rules of other agencies;
(D) in the case of a rule addressing a risk to health or safety or the
environment, what the perceived risk was at the time of issuance and to
what extent the risk predictions were accurate;
(E) whether the rule unnecessarily impeded domestic or international competition
or unnecessarily intruded on free market forces, and whether the rule
unnecessarily interfered with opportunities or efforts to transfer to
the private sector duties carried out by the Government;
(F) whether, and to what extent, the rule imposed unfunded mandates on,
or otherwise affected, State and local governments;
(G) whether compliance with the rule required substantial capital investment
and whether terminating the rule on the next review deadline would create
an unfair advantage to those who are not in compliance with it;
(H) whether the rule constituted the least cost method of achieving its
objective consistent with the criteria of the Act under which the rule
was issued, and to what extent the rule provided flexibility to those
who were subject to it;
(I) whether the rule was worded simply and clearly, including clear identification
of those who were subject to the rule;
(J) whether the rule created negative unintended consequences;
(K) the extent to which information requirements under the rule can be
(L) the extent to which the rule has contributed positive benefits, particularly
health or safety or environmental benefits.
(b) Preliminary Reports on Sunset Reviews- The preliminary report under section
205(b)(2) on the sunset review of a rule shall request public comments and
(1) specific requests for factual findings and recommended legal conclusions
regarding the application of section 204 to the rule, the continued need
for the rule, and whether the rule duplicates functions of another rule;
(2) a request for comments on whether the rule should be continued without
change, modified, consolidated with another rule, or terminated; and
(3) if consolidation or modification of the rule is recommended, suggestions
for the proposed text of the consolidated or modified rule.
(c) Final Reports on Sunset Reviews-
(1) IN GENERAL- A final report under section 205(b)(3) on the sunset review
of a rule shall--
(A) contain the factual findings and legal conclusions of the agency conducting
the review regarding the application of section 204 to the rule and the
agency's proposed recommendation as to whether the rule should be continued
without change, modified, consolidated with another rule, or terminated;
(B) in the case of a rule that the agency proposes to continue without
change, so state;
(C) in the case of a rule that the agency proposes to modify or consolidate
with another rule, contain--
(i) a notice of proposed rulemaking under section 553 of title 5, United
States Code, or under other statutory rulemaking procedures required
for that rule; and
(ii) the text of the rule as so modified or consolidated; and
(D) in the case of a rule that the agency proposes to terminate, contain
a notice of proposed rulemaking for termination consistent with paragraph
(2) FINAL REPORT PUBLISHED IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER- A final report under
section 205(b)(3) shall be published in the Federal Register.
(d) Rulemaking- In the case of a final report on a rule described in subparagraphs
(C) or (D) of subsection (c)(1), the final report shall be published in the
Federal Register and its publication shall constitute publication of the notice
required by subsection (c)(1)(C)(i). After publication of a final report on
a rule described in subparagraphs (C) or (D) of subsection (c)(1) on a sunset
review of a rule, the agency which conducted such review shall conduct the
rulemaking which is called for in such report.
SEC. 208. DESIGNATION OF AGENCY REGULATORY REVIEW OFFICER.
The head of each agency shall designate an officer of the agency as the Regulatory
Review Officer of the agency. The Regulatory Review Officer of an agency shall
be responsible for the implementation of this title by the agency and shall
report directly to the head of the agency and the Administrator with respect
to that responsibility.
SEC. 209. RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LAW.
Nothing in this title is intended to supersede the provisions of chapters
5, 6, and 7 of title 5, United States Code.
SEC. 210. EFFECT OF TERMINATION OF A COVERED RULE.
(a) Effect of Termination, Generally- If a covered rule is terminated pursuant
to this title--
(1) this title shall not be construed to prevent the President or an agency
from exercising any authority that otherwise exists to implement the statute
under which the rule was issued;
(2) in an agency proceeding or court action between an agency and a non-agency
party, the rule shall be given no conclusive legal effect but may be submitted
as evidence of prior agency practice and procedure; and
(3) this title shall not be construed to prevent the continuation or institution
of any enforcement action that is based on a violation of the rule that
occurred before the effectiveness of the rule terminated.
(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding subsection (a), any deadline for, relating
to, or involving any action dependent upon, any rule terminated under this
title is suspended until the agency that issued the rule issues a new rule
on the same matter, unless otherwise provided by a law.
(2) DEADLINE DEFINED- In this subsection, the term `deadline' means any
date certain for fulfilling any obligation or exercising any authority established
by or under any Federal rule, or by or under any court order implementing
any Federal rule.
SEC. 211. JUDICIAL REVIEW.
(a) In General- A denial or substantial inexcusable delay in granting or denying
a petition under section 203(c) shall be considered final agency action subject
to review under section 702 of title 5, United States Code. A denial of a
congressional request under section 203(d) shall not be subject to judicial
(b) Time Limitation on Filing a Civil Action- Notwithstanding any other provisions
of law, an action seeking judicial review of a final agency action under this
title may not be brought--
(1) in the case of a final agency action denying a public petition under
section 203(c) or continuing without change, modifying, consolidating, or
terminating a covered rule, more than 30 days after the date of that agency
(2) in the case of an action challenging a delay in deciding on a petition
for a rule under section 203(c), more than 1 year after the period applicable
to the rule under section 203(c)(4).
(c) Availability of Judicial Review Unaffected- Except to the extent that
there is a direct conflict with the provisions of this title, nothing in this
title is intended to affect the availability or standard of judicial review
for agency regulatory action.
SEC. 212. DEFINITIONS.
(1) ADMINISTRATOR- The term `Administrator' means the Administrator of the
Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Office of Management
(2) AGENCY- The term `agency' has the meaning given that term in section
551(1) of title 5, United States Code.
(3) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEE OF THE CONGRESS- The term `appropriate committee
of the Congress' means, with respect to a rule, each standing committee
of Congress having authority under the rules of the House of Representatives
or the Senate to report a bill to amend the provision of law under which
the rule is issued.
(A) IN GENERAL- Subject to subparagraph (B), the term `rule' means any
agency statement of general applicability and future effect, including
agency guidance documents, designed to implement, interpret, or prescribe
law or policy, or describing the procedures or practices of an agency,
or intended to assist in such actions, but does not include--
(i) regulations or other agency statements issued in accordance with
formal rulemaking provisions of sections 556 and 557 of title 5, United
States Code, or in accordance with other statutory formal rulemaking
procedures required for such regulations or statements;
(ii) regulations or other agency statements that are limited to agency
organization, management, or personnel matters;
(iii) regulations or other agency statements issued with respect to
a military or foreign affairs function of the United States;
(iv) regulations, statements, or other agency actions that are reviewed
and usually modified each year (or more frequently), or are reviewed
regularly and usually modified based on changing economic or seasonal
(v) regulations or other agency actions that grant an approval, license,
permit, registration, or similar authority or that grant or recognize
an exemption or relieve a restriction, or any agency action necessary
to permit new or improved applications of technology or to allow the
manufacture, distribution, sale, or use of a substance or product; and
(vi) regulations or other agency statements that the Administrator certifies
in writing are necessary for the enforcement of the Federal criminal
(B) SCOPE OF A RULE- For purposes of this title, each set of rules designated
in the Code of Federal Regulations as a part shall be treated as one rule.
Each set of rules that do not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations
and that are comparable to a part of that Code under guidelines established
by the Administrator shall be treated as one rule.
(5) SUNSET REVIEW- The term `sunset review' means a review of a rule under
SEC. 213. EFFECTIVE DATE.
This title shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 214. SUNSET OF THIS TITLE.
This title shall have no force or effect after the 10-year period beginning
on the date of the enactment of this Act.