HR 2185

112th CONGRESS
1st Session

H. R. 2185

To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to reaffirm the United States' historic commitment to protecting refugees who are fleeing persecution or torture.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 15, 2011

Ms. ZOE LOFGREN of California (for herself and Mr. CONYERS) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committees on Ways and Means and the Budget, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to reaffirm the United States' historic commitment to protecting refugees who are fleeing persecution or torture.

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

SEC. 3. ELIMINATION OF TIME LIMITS ON ASYLUM APPLICATIONS.

SEC. 4. PROTECTING VICTIMS OF TERRORISM FROM BEING DEFINED AS TERRORISTS.

`(aa) a terrorist organization; or

`(bb) a political, social, or other group that endorses or espouses terrorist activity;

`(aa) to commit or to incite to commit, under circumstances indicating an intention to cause death or serious bodily injury, a terrorist activity;

`(bb) to prepare or plan a terrorist activity;

`(cc) to gather information on potential targets for terrorist activity;

`(dd) to solicit funds or other things of value for--

`(AA) a terrorist activity;

`(BB) a terrorist organization described in item (aa) or (bb) of clause (iii)(V); or

`(CC) a terrorist organization described in clause (iii)(V)(cc), unless the solicitor can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that he or she did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the organization was a terrorist organization;

`(ee) to solicit any individual--

`(AA) to engage in conduct otherwise described in this subsection;

`(BB) for membership in a terrorist organization described in item (aa) or (bb) of clause (iii)(V); or

`(CC) for membership in a terrorist organization described in clause (iii)(V)(cc) unless the solicitor can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that he or she did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the organization was a terrorist organization; or

`(ff) to commit an act that the actor knows, or reasonably should know, affords material support, including a safe house, transportation, communications, funds, transfer of funds or other material financial benefit, false documentation or identification, weapons (including chemical, biological, or radiological weapons), explosives, or training--

`(AA) for the commission of a terrorist activity;

`(BB) to any individual who the actor knows, or reasonably should know, has committed or plans to commit a terrorist activity;

`(CC) to a terrorist organization described in item (aa) or (bb) of clause (iii)(V) or to any member of such an organization; or

`(DD) to a terrorist organization described in clause (iii)(V)(cc), or to any member of such an organization, unless the actor can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that he or she did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the organization was a terrorist organization.

`(aa) an officer, official, or spokesman of an organization; and

`(bb) any person who directs, counsels, commands, or induces an organization or its members to engage in terrorist activity.

`(aa) the highjacking or sabotage of any conveyance (including an aircraft, vessel, or vehicle);

`(bb) the seizing or detaining, and threatening to kill, injure, or continue to detain, another individual in order to compel a third person (including a governmental organization) to do or abstain from doing any act as an explicit or implicit condition for the release of the individual seized or detained;

`(cc) a violent attack upon an internationally protected person (as defined in section 1116(b)(4) of title 18, United States Code) or upon the liberty of such a person;

`(dd) an assassination;

`(ee) the use, with the intent to endanger the safety of 1 or more individuals or to cause substantial damage to property, of any--

`(AA) biological agent, chemical agent, or nuclear weapon or device; or

`(BB) explosive, firearm, or other weapon or dangerous device (other than for mere personal monetary gain); or

`(ff) a threat, attempt, or conspiracy to carry out any of the activities described in items (aa) through (ee).

`(aa) designated under section 219;

`(bb) otherwise designated, upon publication in the Federal Register, by the Secretary of State in consultation with or upon the request of the Attorney General or the Secretary of Homeland Security, as a terrorist organization, after finding that the organization engages in the activities described in items (aa) through (ff) of subclause (I); or

`(cc) that is a group of 2 or more individuals, whether organized or not, which engages in, or has a subgroup which engages in, the activities described in items (aa) through (ff) of subclause (I).'.

SEC. 5. PROTECTING CERTAIN VULNERABLE GROUPS OF ASYLUM SEEKERS.

SEC. 6. EFFECTIVE ADJUDICATION OF PROCEEDINGS.

SEC. 7. SCOPE AND STANDARD FOR REVIEW.

SEC. 8. EFFICIENT ASYLUM DETERMINATION PROCESS.

SEC. 9. SECURE ALTERNATIVES PROGRAM.

`(aa) poses a risk to public safety, which may include a risk to national security; or

`(bb) is a flight risk, which cannot be mitigated through other conditions of release, such as bond or secure alternatives, that would reasonably ensure that the alien would appear for immigration proceedings.

SEC. 10. CONDITIONS OF DETENTION.

SEC. 11. TIMELY NOTICE OF IMMIGRATION CHARGES.

SEC. 12. PROCEDURES FOR ENSURING ACCURACY AND VERIFIABILITY OF SWORN STATEMENTS TAKEN PURSUANT TO EXPEDITED REMOVAL AUTHORITY.

SEC. 13. STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF EXPEDITED REMOVAL PROVISIONS, PRACTICES, AND PROCEDURES ON ASYLUM CLAIMS.

SEC. 14. REFUGEE OPPORTUNITY PROMOTION.

SEC. 15. PROTECTIONS FOR MINORS SEEKING ASYLUM.

SEC. 16. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR REFUGEES AND ASYLEES.

SEC. 17. PROTECTION OF STATELESS PERSONS IN THE UNITED STATES.

`SEC. 210A. PROTECTION OF STATELESS PERSONS IN THE UNITED STATES.

SEC. 18. AUTHORITY TO DESIGNATE CERTAIN GROUPS OF REFUGEES FOR CONSIDERATION.

SEC. 19. MULTIPLE FORMS OF RELIEF.

SEC. 20. PROTECTION OF REFUGEE FAMILIES.

SEC. 21. REFORM OF REFUGEE CONSULTATION PROCESS.

SEC. 22. ADMISSION OF REFUGEES IN THE ABSENCE OF THE ANNUAL PRESIDENTIAL DETERMINATION.

SEC. 23. UPDATE OF RECEPTION AND PLACEMENT GRANTS.

SEC. 24. PROTECTION FOR ALIENS INTERDICTED AT SEA.

SEC. 25. MODIFICATION OF PHYSICAL PRESENCE REQUIREMENTS FOR ALIENS SERVING AS TRANSLATORS.

SEC. 26. ASSESSMENT OF THE REFUGEE DOMESTIC RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM.

SEC. 27. REFUGEE ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 28. RESETTLEMENT DATA.

SEC. 29. PROTECTIONS FOR REFUGEES.

SEC. 30. EXTENSION OF ELIGIBILITY PERIOD FOR SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN REFUGEES.

SEC. 31. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

SEC. 32. DETERMINATION OF BUDGETARY EFFECTS.

END