H. R. 2189
To encourage States to report to the Attorney
General certain information regarding the deaths of individuals in the custody
of law enforcement agencies, and for other purposes.IN
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
June 15, 2011
SCOTT of Virginia introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee
on the Judiciary
States to report to the Attorney General certain information regarding the deaths
of individuals in the custody of law enforcement agencies, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled,
1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `Death in Custody
Reporting Act of 2011'.
SEC. 2. STATE INFORMATION REGARDING INDIVIDUALS
WHO DIE IN THE CUSTODY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT.
(a) In General- For
each fiscal year after the expiration of the period specified in subsection (c)(1)
in which a State receives funds for a program referred to in subsection (c)(2),
the State shall report to the Attorney General, on a quarterly basis and pursuant
to guidelines established by the Attorney General, information regarding the death
of any person who is detained, under arrest, or is in the process of being arrested,
is en route to be incarcerated, or is incarcerated at a municipal or county jail,
State prison, State-run boot camp prison, boot camp prison that is contracted
out by the State, any State or local contract facility, or other local or State
correctional facility (including any juvenile facility).
Required- The report required by this section shall contain information that,
at a minimum, includes--
(1) the name, gender, race, ethnicity,
and age of the deceased;
(2) the date, time, and location
(3) the law enforcement agency that detained,
arrested, or was in the process of arresting the deceased; and
(4) a brief description of the circumstances surrounding the death.
(c) Compliance and Ineligibility-
(1) COMPLIANCE DATE- Each
State shall have not more than 120 days from the date of enactment of this Act
to comply with subsection (a), except that--
the Attorney General may grant an additional 120 days to a State that is making
good faith efforts to comply with such subsection; and
(B) the Attorney General shall waive the requirements of subsection (a) if compliance
with such subsection by a State would be unconstitutional under the constitution
of such State.
(2) INELIGIBILITY FOR FUNDS- For
any fiscal year after the expiration of the period specified in paragraph (1),
a State that fails to comply with subsection (a), shall, at the discretion of
the Attorney General, be subject to not more than a 10 percent reduction of the
funds that would otherwise be allocated for that fiscal year to the State under
subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act
of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3750 et seq.), whether characterized as the Edward Byrne Memorial
State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs, the Local Government Law
Enforcement Block Grants Program, the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance
Grant Program, or otherwise.
(d) Reallocation- Amounts not
allocated under a program referred to in subsection (c)(2) to a State for failure
to fully comply with subsection (a) shall be reallocated under that program to
States that have not failed to comply with such subsection.
Definitions- In this section the terms `boot camp prison' and `State' have the
meaning given those terms, respectively, in section 901(a) of the Omnibus Crime
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3791(a)).
Study and Report of Information Relating to Deaths in Custody-
(1) STUDY REQUIRED- The Attorney General shall carry out a study of the information
reported under subsection (b) and section 3(a) to--
(A) determine means by which such information can be used to reduce the number
of such deaths; and
(B) examine the relationship,
if any, between the number of such deaths and the actions of management of such
jails, prisons, and other specified facilities relating to such deaths.
(2) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act,
the Attorney General shall prepare and submit to Congress a report that contains
the findings of the study required by paragraph (1).
3. FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT DEATH IN CUSTODY REPORTING REQUIREMENT.
(a) In General- For each fiscal year (beginning after the date that is 120 days
after the date of the enactment of this Act), the head of each Federal law enforcement
agency shall submit to the Attorney General a report (in such form and manner
specified by the Attorney General) that contains information regarding the death
of any person who is--
(1) detained, under arrest, or is in
the process of being arrested by any officer of such Federal law enforcement agency
(or by any State or local law enforcement officer while participating in and for
purposes of a Federal law enforcement operation, task force, or any other Federal
law enforcement capacity carried out by such Federal law enforcement agency);
(2) en route to be incarcerated or detained, or is
incarcerated or detained at--
(A) any facility (including
any immigration or juvenile facility) pursuant to a contract with such Federal
law enforcement agency;
(B) any State or local
government facility used by such Federal law enforcement agency; or
(C) any Federal correctional facility or Federal pre-trial detention facility
located within the United States.
(b) Information Required-
Each report required by this section shall include, at a minimum, the information
required by section 2(b).
(c) Study and Report- Information reported
under subsection (a) shall be analyzed and included in the study and report required
by section 2(f).