H. R. 808
To establish a Department of Peace.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February 18, 2011
Mr. KUCINICH (for himself, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. LEWIS of Georgia, Ms. LEE of
California, Ms. MOORE, Mr. POLIS, Ms. BROWN of Florida, Mr. DEFAZIO, Mr. FARR,
Ms. NORTON, Mr. OLVER, Mr. SHERMAN, Ms. BALDWIN, and Ms. WOOLSEY) introduced
the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government
Reform, and in addition to the Committees on Foreign Affairs, the Judiciary,
and Education and the Workforce, for a period to be subsequently determined
by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall
within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned
To establish a Department of Peace.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) Short Title- This Act may be cited as the `Department of Peace Act of
(b) Table of Contents- The table of contents for this Act is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
TITLE I--ESTABLISHMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF PEACE
Sec. 101. Establishment of Department of Peace.
Sec. 102. Responsibilities and powers.
Sec. 103. Principal officers.
Sec. 104. Office of Peace Education and Training.
Sec. 105. Office of Domestic Peace Activities.
Sec. 106. Office of International Peace Activities.
Sec. 107. Office of Technology for Peace.
Sec. 108. Office of Arms Control and Disarmament.
Sec. 109. Office of Peaceful Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict Resolution.
Sec. 110. Office of Human Rights and Economic Rights.
Sec. 111. Intergovernmental Advisory Council on Peace.
Sec. 112. Consultation required.
Sec. 113. Authorization of appropriations.
TITLE II--ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS AND TRANSFERS OF AGENCY FUNCTIONS
Sec. 203. Conforming amendments.
TITLE III--FEDERAL INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE ON PEACE
Sec. 301. Federal Interagency Committee on Peace.
TITLE IV--PEACE DAY
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress finds the following:
(1) On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress unanimously declared
the independence of the 13 colonies, and the achievement of peace was recognized
as one of the highest duties of the new organization of free and independent
(2) In declaring, `We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all Men
are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable
rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness',
the drafters of the Declaration of Independence, appealing to the Supreme
Judge of the World, derived the creative cause of nationhood from `the Laws
of Nature' and the entitlements of `Nature's God', such literal referrals
in the Declaration of Independence thereby serving to celebrate the unity
of human thought, natural law, and spiritual causation.
(3) The architects of the Declaration of Independence `with a firm reliance
on the protection of divine providence' spoke to the connection between
the original work infusing principle into the structure of a democratic
government seeking to elevate the condition of humanity, and the activity
of a higher power which moves to guide the Nation's fortune.
(4) The Constitution of the United States of America, in its Preamble, further
sets forth the insurance of the cause of peace in stating: `We the People
of the United States, in Order to Form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,
insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the
general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our
(5) The Founders of this country gave America a vision of freedom for the
ages and provided people with a document which gave this Nation the ability
to adapt to an undreamed of future.
(6) It is the sacred duty of the people of the United States to receive
the living truths of our founding documents and to think anew to develop
institutions that permit the unfolding of the highest moral principles in
this Nation and around the world.
(7) During the course of the 20th century, more than 100,000,000 people
perished in wars, and now, at the dawn of the 21st century, violence seems
to be an overarching theme in the world, encompassing personal, group, national,
and international conflict, extending to the production of nuclear, biological,
and chemical weapons of mass destruction which have been developed for use
on land, air, sea, and in space.
(8) Such conflict is often taken as a reflection of the human condition
without questioning whether the structures of thought, word, and deed which
the people of the United States have inherited are any longer sufficient
for the maintenance, growth, and survival of the United States and the world.
(9) Personal violence in the United States has great human and financial
costs. A 2004 World Health Organization report estimates that interpersonal
violence within the United States costs approximately $300 billion annually,
not including war-related costs. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention states that an average of 16 young people age 10 to 24 were murdered
each day in the United States in 2005. The Pew Charitable Trust calculates
that child abuse and neglect in the United States cost $103.8 billion in
(10) Promoting a culture of peace has been recognized by the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) through passage
of a resolution declaring an International Decade for a Culture of Peace
and Non-Violence for the Children 2001-2010. The objective is to further
strengthen the global movement for a culture of peace following the observance
of the International Year for the Culture of Peace in 2000.
(11) We are in a new millennium, and the time has come to review age-old
challenges with new thinking wherein we can conceive of peace as not simply
being the absence of violence, but the active presence of the capacity for
a higher evolution of the human awareness, of respect, trust, and integrity;
wherein we all may tap the infinite capabilities of humanity to transform
consciousness and conditions which impel or compel violence at a personal,
group, or national level toward developing a new understanding of, and a
commitment to, compassion and love, in order to create a `shining city on
a hill', the light of which is the light of nations.
TITLE I--ESTABLISHMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF PEACE
SEC. 101. ESTABLISHMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF PEACE.
(a) Establishment- There is hereby established a Department of Peace (hereinafter
in this Act referred to as the `Department'), which shall--
(1) be a cabinet-level department in the executive branch of the Government;
(2) be dedicated to peacemaking and the study of conditions that are conducive
to both domestic and international peace.
(b) Secretary of Peace- There shall be at the head of the Department a Secretary
of Peace (hereinafter in this Act referred to as the `Secretary'), who shall
be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(c) Mission- The Department shall--
(1) hold the cultivation of peace as a strategic national policy objective;
(2) reduce and prevent violence in the United States and internationally
through peacebuilding and effective nonviolent conflict resolution;
(3) strengthen nonmilitary means of peacemaking;
(4) work to create peace, prevent violence, prevent armed conflict, use
field-tested programs, and promote best practices in nonviolent dispute
(5) take a proactive, strategic approach in the development of policies
that promote national and international conflict prevention, nonviolent
intervention, mediation, peaceful resolution of conflict, and structured
mediation of conflict;
(6) address matters both domestic and international in scope;
(7) provide an institutional platform for the growing wealth of expertise
in peacebuilding to dramatically reduce the national and global epidemic
(8) support local communities in finding, funding, replicating, and expanding
programs to reduce and prevent violence;
(9) invest in non-governmental organizations that have implemented successful
initiatives to reduce and prevent violence, both internationally and domestically;
(10) work with other government agencies to apply and practice the science
of peacebuilding in their respective fields of responsibility.
SEC. 102. RESPONSIBILITIES AND POWERS.
(a) In General- The Secretary shall--
(1) work proactively and interactively with each branch of the Government
on all policy matters relating to conditions of peace;
(2) serve as a delegate to the National Security Council;
(3) call on the experience and expertise of the people of the United States
and seek participation in the development of policy from private, public,
and non-governmental organizations; and
(4) monitor and analyze causative principles of conflict and make policy
recommendations for developing and maintaining peaceful conduct.
(b) Domestic Responsibilities- The Secretary shall--
(1) develop policies that address domestic violence, including spousal abuse,
child abuse, and mistreatment of the elderly;
(2) create new policies and programs and expand existing policies and programs
that effectively reduce drug and alcohol abuse;
(3) develop new policies and programs and expand existing policies and programs
that effectively address crime, punishment, and rehabilitation, including--
(A) working to reduce prison recidivism rates;
(B) supporting the implementation of nonviolent conflict resolution education
and training for victims, perpetrators, and those who work with them;
(C) supporting effective police and community relations;
(4) analyze existing policies, employ successful, field-tested programs,
and develop new approaches for dealing with the tools of violence, including
handguns, especially among youth;
(5) analyze existing policies and develop new policies to address violence
(6) develop new and expand current effective programs that relate to the
societal challenges of school violence, gangs, racial or ethnic violence,
violence against gays and lesbians, and police-community relations disputes;
(7) make policy recommendations to the Attorney General regarding civil
rights and labor law;
(8) assist in the establishment and funding of community-based violence
prevention programs, including violence prevention counseling and peer mediation
in schools and unarmed civilian peacekeeping at a local level;
(9) counsel and advocate on behalf of women victimized by violence;
(10) provide for public education programs and counseling strategies concerning
(11) promote racial, religious, and ethnic tolerance; and
(12) finance local community initiatives that can draw on neighborhood resources
to create peace projects that facilitate the development of conflict resolution
at a national level and thereby inform and inspire national policy.
(c) International Responsibilities- The Secretary shall--
(1) advise the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State on matters
relating to national security, including the protection of human rights
and the prevention of, amelioration of, and de-escalation of unarmed and
armed international conflict;
(2) contribute to and participate in the development of training of all
United States personnel who administer post-conflict reconstruction and
demobilization in war-torn societies;
(3) sponsor country and regional conflict prevention and dispute resolution
initiatives, create special task forces, and draw on local, regional, and
national expertise to develop plans and programs for addressing the root
sources of conflict in troubled areas;
(4) counsel and advocate on behalf of women victimized by violence, including
rape, during conflict and post conflict;
(5) provide for exchanges between the United States and other nations of
individuals who endeavor to develop domestic and international peace-based
(6) encourage the development of international sister city programs, pairing
United States cities with cities around the globe for artistic, cultural,
economic, educational, and faith-based exchanges;
(7) establish and administer a budget designated for the training and deployment
of unarmed civilian peacekeepers to participate in multinational nonviolent
peacekeeping forces. Such training and deployment may be conducted by civilian,
governmental, or multilateral organizations;
(8) jointly with the Secretary of the Treasury, strengthen peace enforcement
through hiring and training monitors and investigators to help with the
enforcement of international arms embargoes;
(9) facilitate the development of peace summits at which parties to a conflict
may gather under carefully prepared conditions to promote nonviolent communication
and mutually beneficial solutions;
(10) submit to the President recommendations for reductions in weapons of
mass destruction, and make annual reports to the President on the sale of
arms from the United States to other nations, with analysis of the impact
of such sales on the defense of the United States and how such sales affect
(11) in consultation with the Secretary of State, develop strategies for
sustainability and management of the distribution of international funds;
(12) advise the United States Ambassador to the United Nations on matters
pertaining to the United Nations Security Council; and
(13) support the implementation of international peacebuilding strategies
through a balanced use of defense, diplomacy, and development.
(d) Human Security Responsibilities- The Secretary shall address and offer
nonviolent conflict resolution strategies and unarmed civilian peacekeepers
to the appropriate relevant parties on issues of human security if such security
is threatened by conflict, whether such conflict is geographic, religious,
ethnic, racial, or class-based in its origin, derives from economic concerns,
or is initiated through disputes concerning scarcity of natural resources
(such as water and energy resources), food, trade, or environmental concerns.
(e) Media-Related Responsibilities- Respecting the first amendment of the
Constitution of the United States and the requirement for free and independent
media, the Secretary shall--
(1) seek assistance in the design and implementation of nonviolent policies
from media professionals;
(2) study the role of the media in the escalation and de-escalation of conflict
at domestic and international levels and make findings public; and
(3) make recommendations to professional media organizations in order to
provide opportunities to increase media awareness of peace-building initiatives.
(f) Educational Responsibilities- The Secretary shall--
(1) develop a peace education curriculum, which shall include studies of--
(A) the civil rights movement in the United States and throughout the
world, with special emphasis on how individual endeavor and involvement
have contributed to advancements in peace and justice; and
(B) peace agreements and circumstances in which peaceful intervention
has worked to stop conflict;
(2) in cooperation with the Secretary of Education--
(A) commission the development of such curricula and make such curricula
available to local school districts to enable the utilization of peace
education objectives at all elementary and secondary schools in the United
(B) offer incentives in the form of grants and training to encourage the
development of State peace curricula and assist schools in applying for
(3) work with educators to equip students to become skilled in achieving
peace through reflection, and facilitate instruction in the ways of peaceful
(4) support the development and implementation of curricula in nonviolent
conflict resolution education for teachers and students;
(5) maintain a site on the Internet for the purposes of soliciting and receiving
ideas for the development of peace from the wealth of political, social,
and cultural diversity;
(6) proactively engage the critical thinking capabilities of grade school,
high school, and college students and teachers through the Internet and
other media and issue periodic reports concerning submissions;
(7) create and establish a Peace Academy, which shall--
(A) be modeled after the military service academies; and
(B) provide a 4-year course of instruction in peace education, after which
graduates will be required to serve 5 years in public service in programs
dedicated to domestic or international nonviolent conflict resolution;
(8) provide grants for peace studies departments in colleges and universities
throughout the United States.
SEC. 103. PRINCIPAL OFFICERS.
(a) Under Secretary of Peace- The President shall appoint an Under Secretary
of Peace in the Department, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
During the absence or disability of the Secretary, or in the event of a vacancy
in the office of the Secretary, the Under Secretary shall act as Secretary.
The Secretary shall designate the order in which other officials of the Department
shall act for and perform the functions of the Secretary during the absence
or disability of both the Secretary and Under Secretary or in the event of
vacancies in both of those offices.
(b) Additional Positions- (1) The President shall appoint in the Department,
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate--
(A) an Assistant Secretary for Peace Education and Training;
(B) an Assistant Secretary for Domestic Peace Activities;
(C) an Assistant Secretary for International Peace Activities;
(D) an Assistant Secretary for Technology for Peace;
(E) an Assistant Secretary for Arms Control and Disarmament;
(F) an Assistant Secretary for Peaceful Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict
(G) an Assistant Secretary for Human and Economic Rights; and
(2) The President shall appoint an Inspector General in the Department, in
accordance with the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).
(3) The President shall appoint four additional officers in the Department,
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The officers appointed under
this paragraph shall perform such functions as the Secretary shall prescribe,
(A) congressional relations functions;
(B) public information functions, including providing, through the use of
the latest technologies, useful information about peace and the work of
(C) management and budget functions; and
(D) planning, evaluation, and policy development functions, including development
of policies to promote the efficient and coordinated administration of the
Department and its programs and encourage improvements in conflict resolution
and violence prevention.
(4) In any case in which the President submits the name of an individual to
the Senate for confirmation as an officer of the Department under this subsection,
the President shall state the particular functions such individual will exercise
upon taking office.
(c) Authority of Secretary- Each officer described in this section shall report
directly to the Secretary and shall, in addition to any functions vested in
or required to be delegated to such officer, perform such additional functions
as the Secretary may prescribe.
SEC. 104. OFFICE OF PEACE EDUCATION AND TRAINING.
(a) In General- There shall be in the Department an Office of Peace Education
and Training, the head of which shall be the Assistant Secretary for Peace
Education and Training. The Assistant Secretary for Peace Education and Training
shall carry out those functions of the Department relating to the creation,
encouragement, and impact of peace education and training at the elementary,
secondary, university, and postgraduate levels, including the development
of a Peace Academy.
(b) Peace Curriculum- The Assistant Secretary of Peace Education and Training,
in cooperation with the Secretary of Education, shall support the dissemination
and development of effective peace curricula and supporting materials for
distribution to departments of education in each State and territory of the
United States. The peace curriculum shall include the building of communicative
peace skills, nonviolent conflict resolution skills, and other objectives
to increase the knowledge of peace processes.
(c) Grants- The Assistant Secretary of Peace Education and Training shall--
(1) provide peace education grants to colleges and universities for the
creation and expansion of peace studies departments and the education and
training of teachers in peace studies; and
(2) create a Community Peace Block Grant program under which the Secretary
shall make grants to not-for-profit and non-governmental organizations for
the purpose of developing innovative neighborhood programs for nonviolent
conflict resolution and creating local peacebuilding initiatives.
SEC. 105. OFFICE OF DOMESTIC PEACE ACTIVITIES.
(a) In General- There shall be in the Department an Office of Domestic Peace
Activities, the head of which shall be the Assistant Secretary for Domestic
Peace Activities. The Assistant Secretary for Domestic Peace Activities shall
carry out those functions in the Department affecting domestic peace activities,
including the development of policies that increase awareness about intervention
and counseling on domestic violence and conflict.
(b) Responsibilities- The Assistant Secretary for Domestic Peace Activities
(1) develop policy alternatives and disseminate best practices from the
field for the treatment of drug and alcohol abuse;
(2) develop new policies and build on existing programs responsive to the
prevention of crime, including the development of community policing strategies
and peaceful settlement skills among police and other public safety officers;
(3) develop community-based strategies for celebrating diversity and promoting
SEC. 106. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE ACTIVITIES.
(a) In General- There shall be in the Department an Office of International
Peace Activities, the head of which shall be the Assistant Secretary for International
Peace Activities. The Assistant Secretary for International Peace Activities
shall carry out those functions in the Department affecting international
peace activities and shall be a member of the National Security Council.
(b) Responsibilities- The Assistant Secretary for International Peace Activities
(1) provide for the training and deployment of all Peace Academy graduates
and other nonmilitary conflict prevention and peacemaking personnel;
(2) support country and regional conflict prevention and dispute resolution
initiatives in countries experiencing social, political, or economic strife;
(3) advocate for the creation of a multinational nonviolent peace force;
(4) provide training for the administration of post-conflict reconstruction
and demobilization in war-torn societies; and
(5) provide for the exchanges between individuals of the United States and
other nations who are endeavoring to develop domestic and international
(c) Grants- The Assistant Secretary for International Peace Activities shall
create a Cultural Diplomacy for Peace Grant program under which the Secretary
shall make grants to schools, non-profits, and non-governmental organizations
for the purpose of developing international cultural exchanges, including
the arts and sports that promote diplomacy and cultural understanding between
the United States and members of the international community.
SEC. 107. OFFICE OF TECHNOLOGY FOR PEACE.
(a) In General- There shall be in the Department an Office of Technology for
Peace, the head of which shall be the Assistant Secretary of Technology for
Peace. The Assistant Secretary of Technology for Peace shall carry out those
functions in the Department affecting the awareness, study, and impact of
developing new technologies on the creation and maintenance of domestic and
(b) Grants- The Assistant Secretary of Technology for Peace shall make grants
for the research and development of technologies in transportation, communications,
and energy that--
(1) are nonviolent in their application; and
(2) encourage the conservation and sustainability of natural resources in
order to prevent future conflicts regarding scarce resources.
SEC. 108. OFFICE OF ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT.
(a) In General- There shall be in the Department an Office of Arms Control
and Disarmament, the head of which shall be the Assistant Secretary of Arms
Control and Disarmament. The Assistant Secretary of Arms Control and Disarmament
shall carry out those functions in the Department affecting arms control programs
and arms limitation agreements.
(b) Responsibilities- The Assistant Secretary of Arms Control and Disarmament
(1) advise the Secretary on interagency discussions and international negotiations
regarding the reduction and elimination of weapons of mass destruction throughout
the world, including the dismantling of such weapons and the safe and secure
storage of materials related thereto;
(2) assist nations, international agencies, and non-governmental organizations
in assessing the locations of the buildup of nuclear arms;
(3) develop nonviolent strategies to deter the testing or use of offensive
or defensive nuclear weapons, whether based on land, air, sea, or in space;
(4) serve as a depository for copies of all contracts, agreements, and treaties
that deal with the reduction and elimination of nuclear weapons or the protection
of space from militarization; and
(5) provide technical support and legal assistance for the implementation
of such agreements.
SEC. 109. OFFICE OF PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE AND NONVIOLENT CONFLICT RESOLUTION.
(a) In General- There shall be in the Department an Office of Peaceful Coexistence
and Nonviolent Conflict Resolution, the head of which shall be the Assistant
Secretary for Peaceful Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict Resolution. The
Assistant Secretary for Peaceful Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict Resolution
shall carry out those functions in the Department affecting research and analysis
relating to creating, initiating, and modeling approaches to peaceful coexistence
and nonviolent conflict resolution.
(b) Responsibilities- The Assistant Secretary for Peaceful Coexistence and
Nonviolent Conflict Resolution shall--
(1) commission or compile studies on the impact of war, especially on the
physical and mental condition of children (using the ten-point anti-war
agenda in the United Nations Childrens Fund report, State of the World's
Children 1996, as a guide), which shall include the study of the effect
of war on the environment and public health;
(2) compile information on effective community peacebuilding activities
and disseminate such information to local governments and non-governmental
organizations in the United States and abroad;
(3) commission or compile research on the effect of violence in the media
and make such reports available to the Congress annually;
(4) publish a monthly journal of the activities of the Department and encourage
scholarly participation; and
(5) sponsor conferences throughout the United States to create awareness
of the work of the Department.
SEC. 110. OFFICE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS.
(a) In General- There shall be in the Department an Office of Human Rights
and Economic Rights, the head of which shall be the Assistant Secretary for
Human Rights and Economic Rights. The Assistant Secretary for Human Rights
and Economic Rights shall carry out those functions in the Department that
support the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights passed
by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 10, 1948.
(b) Responsibilities- The Assistant Secretary for Human Rights and Economic
(1) assist the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of State, in
furthering the incorporation of the principles of human rights, as enunciated
in the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 217A (III) of December
10, 1948, into all agreements between the United States and other nations
to help reduce the causes of violence;
(2) gather information on and document human rights abuses, both domestically
and internationally, and recommend to the Secretary nonviolent responses
to correct abuses;
(3) make such findings available to other agencies in order to facilitate
nonviolent conflict resolution;
(4) provide trained observers to work with non-governmental organizations
for purposes of creating a climate that is conducive to the respect for
(5) conduct economic analyses of the scarcity of human and natural resources
as a source of conflict and make recommendations to the Secretary for nonviolent
prevention of such scarcity, nonviolent intervention in case of such scarcity,
and the development of programs to assist people facing such scarcity, whether
due to armed conflict, maldistribution of resources, or natural causes;
(6) assist the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of State and
the Secretary of the Treasury, in developing strategies regarding the sustainability
and the management of the distribution of funds from international agencies,
the conditions regarding the receipt of such funds, and the impact of those
conditions on the peace and stability of the recipient nations;
(7) assist the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of State and
the Secretary of Labor, in developing strategies to promote full compliance
with domestic and international labor rights law; and
(8) conduct policy analysis to ensure that the international development
investments of the United States positively impact the peace and stability
of the recipient nation.
SEC. 111. INTERGOVERNMENTAL ADVISORY COUNCIL ON PEACE.
(a) In General- There shall be in the Department an advisory committee known
as the Intergovernmental Advisory Council on Peace (hereinafter in this Act
referred to as the `Council'). The Council shall provide assistance and make
recommendations to the Secretary and the President concerning intergovernmental
policies relating to peace and nonviolent conflict resolution.
(b) Responsibilities- The Council shall--
(1) provide a forum for representatives of Federal, State, and local governments
to discuss peace issues;
(2) promote better intergovernmental relations and offer professional mediation
services to resolve intergovernmental conflict as needed; and
(3) submit, biennially or more frequently if determined necessary by the
Council, a report to the Secretary, the President, and the Congress reviewing
the impact of Federal peace activities on State and local governments.
SEC. 112. CONSULTATION REQUIRED.
(a) Consultation in Cases of Conflict- (1) In any case in which a conflict
between the United States and any other government or entity is imminent or
occurring, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall consult
with the Secretary concerning nonviolent means of conflict resolution.
(2) In any case in which such a conflict is ongoing or recently concluded,
the Secretary shall conduct independent studies of diplomatic initiatives
undertaken by the United States and other parties to the conflict.
(3) In any case in which such a conflict has recently concluded, the Secretary
shall assess the effectiveness of those initiatives in ending the conflict.
(4) The Secretary shall establish a formal process of consultation in a timely
manner with the Secretary of the Department of State and the Secretary of
(A) prior to the initiation of any armed conflict between the United States
and any other nation; and
(B) for any matter involving the use of Department of Defense personnel
within the United States.
(b) Consultation in Drafting Treaties and Agreements- The executive branch
shall consult with the Secretary in drafting treaties and peace agreements.
SEC. 113. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act for a fiscal
year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act $10,000,000,000
for each fiscal year. Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to such authorization,
at least 85 percent shall be used for domestic peace programs, including administrative
costs associated with such programs.
TITLE II--ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS AND TRANSFERS OF AGENCY FUNCTIONS
SEC. 201. STAFF.
The Secretary may appoint and fix the compensation of such employees as may
be necessary to carry out the functions of the Secretary and the Department.
Except as otherwise provided by law, such employees shall be appointed in
accordance with the civil service laws and their compensation fixed in accordance
with title 5, United States Code.
SEC. 202. TRANSFERS.
There are hereby transferred to the Department the functions, assets, and
(2) the United States Institute of Peace;
(3) the Office of the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International
Security Affairs of the Department of State;
(4) the Gang Resistance Education and Training Program of the Bureau of
Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; and
(5) the SafeFutures program of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
Prevention of the Department of Justice.
SEC. 203. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary
shall prepare and submit to Congress proposed legislation containing any necessary
and appropriate technical and conforming amendments to the laws of the United
States to reflect and carry out the provisions of this Act.
TITLE III--FEDERAL INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE ON PEACE
SEC. 301. FEDERAL INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE ON PEACE.
There is established a Federal Interagency Committee on Peace (hereinafter
in this Act referred to as the `Committee'). The Committee shall--
(1) assist the Secretary in providing a mechanism to assure that the procedures
and actions of the Department and other Federal agencies are fully coordinated;
(2) study and make recommendations for assuring effective coordination of
Federal programs, policies, and administrative practices affecting peace.
TITLE IV--PEACE DAY
SEC. 401. PEACE DAY.
The Secretary shall encourage citizens to observe and celebrate the blessings
of peace and endeavor to create peace on a Peace Day. Such day shall include
discussions of the professional activities and the achievements in the lives