S 1119 112th
reauthorize and improve the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction
Act, and for other purposes.IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED
May 26, 2011
(for himself, Mr. ROCKEFELLER, Mr. BEGICH, Ms. SNOWE, and Ms. MURKOWSKI) introduced
the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce,
Science, and Transportation
reauthorize and improve the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction
Act, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the
Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
may be cited as the `Trash Free Seas Act of 2011'.
SEC. 2. MODIFICATION
OF PURPOSES OF MARINE DEBRIS RESEARCH, PREVENTION, AND REDUCTION ACT.
Section 2 of the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act (33 U.S.C.
1951) is amended--
(1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting
`(1) to address the adverse impacts of
marine debris on the marine environment, navigation safety, and the United States
economy through research, source identification, assessment, reduction, removal,
and prevention;'; and
(2) in paragraph (3), by inserting
`and maintain' after `to develop'.
SEC. 3. REVISION OF NATIONAL
OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION MARINE DEBRIS PROGRAM.
(1) IN GENERAL- Subsection (a) of
section 3 of the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act (33 U.S.C.
1952) is amended by striking `Marine Debris Prevention and Removal Program' and
inserting `Marine Debris Program'.
(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT-
Such section is amended in the heading by striking `prevention and removal'.
(3) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Paragraph (7) of section 7 of such Act (33 U.S.C. 1956)
is amended by striking `Marine Debris Prevention and Removal Program' and inserting
`Marine Debris Program'.
(b) Expansion of Program Purposes-
Subsection (a) of section 3 of such Act (33 U.S.C. 1952), as amended by subsection
(a)(1), is further amended--
(1) by striking `reduce and prevent'
and inserting `research, assess, reduce, and prevent'; and
(2) by striking `and navigation safety.' and inserting `, navigation safety, and
the United States economy.'.
(c) Revision of Program Components-
Subsection (b) of such section is amended by striking paragraphs (1) through (3)
and inserting the following:
`(1) RESEARCH AND ASSESSMENT-
The Administrator shall, in consultation with relevant Federal agencies, undertake
marine debris research and assessment, reduction and prevention efforts, with
a focus on marine debris posing a threat to living marine resources, the marine
environment, navigation safety, or the United States economy including the following:
`(A) Research and assessment of derelict fishing gear.
`(B) Research and assessment of plastics, with respect to the health of the marine
`(C) The establishment of a process
for maintaining an inventory of marine debris types and their impacts found in
the navigable waters of the United States and the United States exclusive economic
zone, including impacts on living marine resources, the marine environment, navigation
safety, and the United States economy.
Measures to identify the origin, location, and projected movement of marine debris
within United States navigable waters, the United States exclusive economic zone,
and the high seas, including the use of oceanographic, atmospheric, satellite,
and remote sensing data.
`(2) PREVENT, REDUCE, AND
REMOVE OCCURRENCE AND IMPACTS- The Administrator shall undertake efforts to prevent,
reduce, and remove the occurrence and impacts of marine debris, including the
adverse impacts of derelict fishing gear, including by--
`(A) working with other Federal agencies to address land-based sources of marine
`(B) conducting research and development
of alternatives to gear posing threats to the marine environment, and methods
for marking gear used in specific fisheries to enhance the tracking, recovery,
and identification of lost and discarded gear;
`(C) developing effective nonregulatory measures and incentives to cooperatively
reduce the volume of lost and discarded fishing gear and to aid in its recovery;
`(D) developing and implementing strategies, methods, priorities, and a plan for
tracking, preventing and removing marine debris that is in, or likely to enter,
United States navigable waters or the United States exclusive economic zone, including
the development of local or regional protocols for removal of derelict fishing
gear and other marine debris;
national and regional coordination to assist States, Indian tribes, and regional
organizations in addressing local marine debris issues;
`(F) promoting international action to reduce the incidence of marine debris;
`(G) developing and disseminating tools
and products related to the activities described in subparagraphs (A) through
`(3) OUTREACH AND EDUCATION-
`(A) IN GENERAL- The Administrator shall undertake outreach and education of the
public and other stakeholders, such as the fishing industry, fishing gear manufacturers,
other marine-dependent industries, and the plastic and waste management industries,
on sources of marine debris, threats associated with marine debris, and approaches
to identify, determine sources of, assess, reduce, remove, and prevent marine
debris and its adverse impacts on the marine environment, navigation safety, and
the United States economy, including outreach and education activities through
The Administrator shall coordinate outreach and education activities under this
paragraph with any outreach programs conducted under section 2204 of the Marine
Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act of 1987 (33 U.S.C. 1915).'.
(d) Modification of Requirement To Prescribe Criteria and Guidelines for Grant
Program- Paragraph (5) of subsection (c) of such section is amended to read as
`(5) GRANT CRITERIA AND GUIDELINES- Applicants for
and recipients of grants awarded under this subsection shall comply with such
criteria and guidelines as the Administrator shall prescribe to carry out the
provisions of this subsection.'.
SEC. 4. EXPANSION OF FEDERAL
Section 6 of the Marine Debris Research,
Prevention, and Reduction Act (33 U.S.C. 1955) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking `and monitoring efforts' and inserting `monitoring
efforts, and best practices'; and
(2) in paragraph (2),
by inserting `or other for-profit industries' after `the fishing industry'.
5. DEFINITION OF MARINE DEBRIS.
(a) In General- Section 7 of the
Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act (33 U.S.C. 1956), as amended
by section 3(a)(3), is further amended by adding at the end the following:
`(9) MARINE DEBRIS- The term `marine debris' means any persistent solid material
that is manufactured or processed and directly or indirectly, intentionally or
unintentionally, disposed of or abandoned into the marine environment or the Great
(b) Conforming and Technical Amendment- Section
5 of such Act (33 U.S.C. 1954) is amended to read as follows:
5. BIENNIAL PROGRESS REPORTS OF THE INTERAGENCY MARINE DEBRIS COORDINATING COMMITTEE.
`(a) In General- Not less frequently than once every 2 years, the Interagency
Marine Debris Coordinating Committee established pursuant to section 2203(a) of
the Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act of 1987 (33 U.S.C. 1914(a))
(in this section referred to as the `Interagency Committee') shall, acting through
the chairperson of the Interagency Committee, submit to the Committee on Commerce,
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation
and Infrastructure and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives
a report that evaluates United States and international progress in meeting the
purposes of this Act.
`(b) Contents- Each report submitted pursuant
to subsection (a) shall include the following:
`(1) The status
of implementation of any recommendations and strategies of the Interagency Committee
and analysis of their effectiveness.
`(2) A summary of
the marine debris inventory to be maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
`(3) A review of the Marine Debris Program
established by section 3, including projects funded and accomplishments relating
to reduction and prevention of marine debris.
review of Coast Guard programs and accomplishments relating to marine debris removal,
including enforcement and compliance with MARPOL requirements.
`(5) Estimated Federal and non-Federal funding provided for marine debris and
recommendations for priority funding needs.'.
SEC. 6. EXTENSION
OF AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
Section 9 of the Marine Debris
Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act (33 U.S.C. 1958) is amended, in the matter
before paragraph (1), by striking `through 2010--' and inserting `through 2015--'.