S 1156112th CONGRESS
To assist States
in making voluntary high quality universal prekindergarten programs available
to 3- to 5-year olds for at least 1 year preceding kindergarten.IN
THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
June 8, 2011
CASEY (for himself, Mr. BEGICH, Mr. FRANKEN, and Ms. MIKULSKI) introduced the
following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health,
Education, Labor, and Pensions
assist States in making voluntary high quality universal prekindergarten programs
available to 3- to 5-year olds for at least 1 year preceding kindergarten.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled,
1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `Prepare All Kids
Act of 2011'.
SEC. 2. HIGH QUALITY PREKINDERGARTEN PROGRAMS.
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301
et seq.) is amended--
(1) by redesignating part I as part
(2) by inserting after part H the following:
I--HIGH QUALITY PREKINDERGARTEN PROGRAMS
`SEC. 1841. FINDINGS.
`Congress makes the following findings:
`(1) Investments in
children and early childhood development education should be a national priority.
`(2) State-funded preschool is the most rapidly expanding segment of the United
States educational system, but in many States a lack of stable funding poses an
enormous threat to the provision or continuation of high quality preschool.
`(3) Researchers, educators, and economists have long noted an achievement gap
for low-income and minority students as compared to their more advantaged peers
that is often already evident when children enter school for the first time.
`(4) One study showed that before entering kindergarten, the average cognitive
scores of preschool-age children in the highest socioeconomic group are 60 percent
above the average scores of children in the lowest socioeconomic group.
`(5) For low-income preschoolers, research shows that high quality early education
and development is vital to closing the achievement gap between them and their
more advantaged peers.
`(6) Numerous studies have shown
that high quality preschool programs--
a number of specific life outcomes for children; and
`(7) The provision of high-quality
prekindergarten is a cost-effective investment for children and for the Nation.
Research shows that for every $1 invested in high quality early childhood programs,
taxpayers save up to $7 in crime, welfare, remedial and special education, and
`(8) High-quality early education increases
academic success for schoolchildren who received that education by--
`(A) improving skills in areas such as following directions and problem solving;
`(B) improving children's performance on standardized tests;
`(C) reducing grade repetition;
the number of children placed in special education; and
`(E) increasing secondary school graduation rates.
`(9) High-quality early education promotes responsible behavior by teens and adults
who received that education by--
`(A) reducing crime,
delinquency, and unhealthy behaviors such as smoking and drug use;
`(B) lowering rates of teen pregnancy;
leading to greater employment and higher wages for adults; and
`(D) contributing to more stable families.
High-quality prekindergarten programs prepare children to--
`(B) achieve higher
levels of education; and
`(C) become citizens
`(i) earn more in adulthood;
`(ii) compete in the global economy; and
`(iii) contribute to our national prosperity.
The term `full-day', used with respect to a program, means a program with a minimum
of a 6-hour schedule per day.
`(2) POVERTY LINE- The
term `poverty line' has the meaning given the term in section 673(2) of the Community
Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2)) and includes any revision required
by that section.
`(3) PREKINDERGARTEN- The term `prekindergarten'
means a program that--
`(A) serves children who are
ages 3 through 5;
`(B) supports children's cognitive,
social, emotional, and physical development and approaches to learning; and
`(C) helps prepare children for a successful transition to kindergarten.
`(4) PREKINDERGARTEN TEACHER- The term `prekindergarten teacher' means an individual
`(A) has a bachelor of arts degree with a specialization
in early childhood education or early childhood development; or
`(B) during the 6-year period following the first date on which the individual
is employed as such a teacher under this part, is working toward that degree.
`(5) QUALIFIED PREKINDERGARTEN PROVIDER- The term `qualified prekindergarten provider'
includes a provider of a prekindergarten program, a Head Start agency, a provider
of a child care program, a school, and a for-profit or nonprofit organization
`(A) is in existence on the date of the qualification
`(B) has met applicable requirements
under State or local law that are designed to protect the health and safety of
children and that are applicable to child care providers.
1843. PROGRAM AUTHORIZATION.
`(a) Prekindergarten Incentive Fund-
The Secretary of Education, in collaboration and consultation with the Secretary
of Health and Human Services, shall create a Prekindergarten Incentive Fund, to
be administered by the Secretary of Education.
`(b) Grants- In
administering the Fund, the Secretary shall award grants to eligible States based
on a formula established by the Secretary in accordance with subsection (c), to
pay for the Federal share of the cost of awarding subgrants to qualified prekindergarten
providers to establish, expand, or enhance voluntary high-quality full-day prekindergarten
`(c) Minimum Allotment- No State shall receive a grant
allotment under subsection (b) for a fiscal year that is less than one-half of
1 percent of the total amount made available to carry out this part for such fiscal
`SEC. 1844. STATE APPLICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS.
`(a) Designated State Agency- To be eligible to receive a grant under this part,
a State shall designate a State agency to administer the State program of assistance
for prekindergarten programs funded through the grant, including receiving and
administering funds and monitoring the programs.
`(b) State Application-
In order for a State to be eligible to receive a grant under this part, the designated
State agency shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such
manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably require,
`(1) an assurance that the State will award subgrants
for prekindergarten programs in amounts that are sufficient to provide a high-quality
`(2) an assurance that not
less than 25 percent of the qualified prekindergarten providers receiving such
subgrants will be providers of community-based programs;
`(3) a description of the number of children in the State who are eligible for
the prekindergarten programs and the needs that will be served through the prekindergarten
`(4) a description of how the State will ensure
that the subgrants are awarded to a wide range of types of qualified prekindergarten
`(5) a description of how the designated State
agency will collaborate and coordinate activities with the State Advisory Council
on Early Childhood Education and Care, State-funded providers of prekindergarten
programs, providers of federally funded programs such as Head Start agencies,
local educational agencies, and child care providers;
`(6) a description of how the State will ensure, through a monitoring process,
that qualified prekindergarten providers receiving the subgrants provide programs
that meet the standards of high quality early education, and use funds appropriately;
`(7) a description of how the State will meet the needs of the most disadvantaged
students, including families at or below 200 percent of the poverty line;
`(8) a description of how the State will meet the needs of working parents; and
`(9) a description of how the State will assist in providing professional development
assistance to prekindergarten teachers and teacher aides.
`(c) Federal Share- The Federal share of the cost described in section 1843(b)
shall be 50 percent. The State shall provide the non-Federal share of the cost
`(d) Supplementary Federal Funding- Funds made available
under this part may be used only to supplement and not supplant other Federal,
State, local, or private funds that would, in the absence of the funds made available
under this part, be made available for early childhood programs.
`(e) Maintenance of Effort- A State that receives a grant under this part for
a fiscal year shall maintain the expenditures of the State for early childhood
programs at a level not less than the level of such expenditures of the State
for the preceding fiscal year.
`SEC. 1845. STATE SET ASIDES AND
`(a) Infant and Toddler Set Aside- Notwithstanding
sections 1842 and 1843, a State shall set aside not less than 15 percent of the
funds made available through a grant awarded under this part for the purpose of
funding high quality early childhood development programs for children who are
ages 0 through 3. Funds made available under this subsection may also be used
for professional development for teachers and teacher aides in classrooms for
children who are ages 0 through 3.
`(b) Extended Day and Extended
Year Set Aside- Notwithstanding section 1843, a State shall set aside not less
than 10 percent of the funds made available through a grant awarded under this
part for the purpose of extending the hours of early childhood programs to create
extended day and extended year programs.
`(c) Administrative Expenses-
Not more than 5 percent of the funds made available through a grant awarded under
this part may be used for administrative expenses, including monitoring.
1846. LOCAL APPLICATIONS.
`To be eligible to receive a subgrant
under this part, a qualified prekindergarten provider shall submit an application
to the designated State agency at such time, in such manner, and containing such
information as the agency may reasonably require, including--
`(1) a description of how the qualified prekindergarten provider will meet the
diverse needs of children in the community to be served, including children with
disabilities, whose native language is not English, or with other special needs,
children in the State foster care system, and homeless children;
`(2) a description of how the qualified prekindergarten provider will serve eligible
children who are not served through similar services or programs;
`(3) a description of a plan for actively involving parents and families in the
prekindergarten program and the success of their children in the program;
`(4) a description of how children in the prekindergarten program, and their parents
and families, will receive referrals to, or assistance with, accessing supportive
services provided within the community;
`(5) a description
of how the qualified prekindergarten provider collaborates with the State Advisory
Council on Early Childhood Education and Care and providers of other programs
serving children and families, including Head Start agencies, providers of child
care programs, and local educational agencies, to meet the needs of children,
families, and working families, as appropriate; and
a description of how the qualified prekindergarten provider will collaborate with
local educational agencies to ensure a smooth transition for participating students
from the prekindergarten program to kindergarten and early elementary education.
1847. LOCAL PREKINDERGARTEN PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.
Uses of Funds- A qualified prekindergarten provider that receives a subgrant under
this part shall use funds received through the grant to establish, expand, or
enhance prekindergarten programs for children who are ages 3 through 5, including--
`(1) providing a prekindergarten program that supports children's cognitive, social,
emotional, and physical development and approaches to learning, and helps prepare
children for a successful transition to kindergarten; and
`(2) purchasing educational equipment, including educational materials, necessary
to provide a high-quality prekindergarten program.
Use of Funds- A qualified prekindergarten provider that receives a subgrant under
this part may use funds received through the grant to--
extend part-day prekindergarten programs to full-day prekindergarten programs
and year-round programs;
`(2) pay for transporting students
to and from a prekindergarten program; and
professional development assistance to prekindergarten teachers and teacher aides.
`(c) Program Requirements- A qualified prekindergarten provider that receives
a subgrant under this part shall carry out a high quality prekindergarten program
`(1) maintaining a maximum class size of 20 children,
with at least 1 prekindergarten teacher per classroom;
`(2) ensuring that the ratio of children to prekindergarten teachers and teacher
aides shall not exceed 10 to 1;
`(3) utilizing a prekindergarten
curriculum that is research- and evidence-based, developmentally appropriate,
and designed to support children's cognitive, social, emotional, and physical
development, and approaches to learning; and
that prekindergarten teachers meet the requirements of this part.
`(a) Qualified Prekindergarten Provider Reports-
Each qualified prekindergarten provider that receives a subgrant from a State
under this part shall submit an annual report, to the designated State agency,
that reviews the effectiveness of the prekindergarten program provided. Such annual
report shall include--
`(1) data specifying the number and
ages of enrolled children, and the family income, race, gender, disability, and
native language of such children;
`(A) the curriculum used by the program;
`(B) how the curriculum supports children's cognitive, social, emotional, and
physical development and approaches to learning; and
`(C) how the curriculum is appropriate for children of the culture, language,
and ages of the children served; and
`(3) a statement
of all sources of funding received by the program, including Federal, State, local,
and private funds.
`(b) State Reports- Each State that receives
a grant under this part shall submit an annual report to the Secretary detailing
the effectiveness of all prekindergarten programs funded under this part in the
`(c) Report to Congress- The Secretary shall submit an
annual report to Congress that describes the State programs of assistance for
prekindergarten programs funded under this part.
`SEC. 1849. AUTHORIZATION
`There are authorized to be appropriated to
carry out this part such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2012 through
SEC. 3. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
of Contents- The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Elementary and Secondary
Education Act of 1965 is amended--
(1) by striking the item
relating to the part heading for part I of title I and inserting the following:
inserting after the items relating to part I of title I and inserting the following:
I--High Quality Full-day Prekindergarten Programs
1843. Program authorization.
`Sec. 1844. State applications
`Sec. 1845. State set asides and expenditures.
1846. Local applications.
`Sec. 1847. Local prekindergarten
1849. Authorization of appropriations.'.
(b) Conforming Provisions-
Sections 1304(c)(2) and 1415(a)(2)(C) of the Elementary and Secondary Education
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6394(c)(2), 6435(a)(2)(C)) are each amended by striking
`part I' and inserting `part J'.