S 1159

1st Session

S. 1159

To require a study on the recruitment, retention, and development of cyberspace experts.


June 8, 2011

Mrs. GILLIBRAND introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed Services


To require a study on the recruitment, retention, and development of cyberspace experts.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the `Cyberspace Warriors Act of 2011'.


    (a) Study-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into a contract with an independent entity to conduct a study examining the availability of personnel for Department of Defense defensive and offensive cyberspace operations, identifying any gaps in meeting personnel needs, and recommending available mechanisms to fill such gaps, including permanent and temporary positions.

      (2) QUALIFICATIONS OF ORGANIZATION SELECTED- The entity selected to carry out the study under paragraph (1) shall include experts with a demonstrated expertise in the fields of national security and human capital development across the various military services, encompassing active and reserve component issues, previous experience in conducting research on cyberspace personnel issues, policies, and strategies, knowledge of cybersecurity, including in the private sector, and on the basis of such other criteria as the Secretary of Defense may determine.

      (3) ACCESS TO INFORMATION- The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the entity conducting the study required under paragraph (1) has access to all necessary data, records, analysis, personnel, and other resources necessary to complete the study.

    (b) Report-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than one year after entering into a contract with an independent entity under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing the results of the study conducted under such subsection.

      (2) MATTERS TO BE COVERED- The report required under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:

        (A) A statement of capabilities and number of cyberspace operations personnel required to meet the defensive and offensive cyberspace operation requirements of the Department of Defense.

        (B) An assessment of the sufficiency of the numbers and types of personnel available for cyberspace operations, including an assessment of the balance of military personnel, Department of Defense civilian employees, and contractor positions, and the availability of personnel with expertise in matters related to cyberspace operations from outside of the Department of Defense.

        (C) A description of the obstacles to adequate recruitment and retention of such personnel.

        (D) An exploration of the various recruiting, training, and affiliation mechanisms, such as the reserve components, including the individual ready reserves, the civilian expeditionary workforce, corporate and university partnerships, the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, and civilian auxiliaries to address challenges to recruitment, retention, and training.

        (E) A description of incentives that enable and encourage individuals with cyber skills from outside the Department of Defense to affiliate with the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense through other types of service agreements, as well as obstacles that discourage cyberspace experts and the Department of Defense from implementing new organizational constructs.

        (F) Identification of legal, policy, or administrative impediments to attracting and retaining cyberspace operations personnel.

        (G) Recommendations for legislative or policy changes necessary to increase the availability of cyberspace operations personnel.

    (c) Submission of Comments- Not later than 90 days after the Secretary of Defense submits the report required under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of each of the military departments shall submit to the congressional defense committees comments on the findings and recommendations contained in the report.

    (d) Definitions- In this section:

      (1) CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES- The term `congressional defense committees' means the Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

      (2) CYBERSPACE OPERATIONS PERSONNEL- The term `cyberspace operations personnel' refers to members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense involved with the operations and maintenance of a computer network connected to the global information grid, as well as offensive, defensive, and exploitation functions of such a network.

      (3) MILITARY DEPARTMENTS- The term `military departments' has the meaning given the term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.