S 1169112th CONGRESS
To provide for
benchmarks to evaluate progress being made toward the goal of transitioning security
responsibilities in Afghanistan to the Government of Afghanistan.IN
THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
June 9, 2011
NELSON of Nebraska introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred
to the Committee on Foreign Relations
provide for benchmarks to evaluate progress being made toward the goal of transitioning
security responsibilities in Afghanistan to the Government of Afghanistan.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled,
1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `Afghan Responsibility
for Afghan Security Act'.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
makes the following findings:
(1) October 7, 2011, will mark
the 10-year anniversary of the start of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.
(2) Military operations in Afghanistan have cost United States taxpayers more
than $300,000,000,000 to date.
(3) As of June 6, 2011,
1,599 members of the United States Armed Forces have lost their lives in support
of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and more than 11,000 have been wounded.
(4) On December 1, 2009, at a speech at the United States Military Academy at
West Point, New York, President Barack Obama stated that the United States would
begin the transfer of United States Armed Forces out of Afghanistan in July 2011
with the pace of reductions to be based upon conditions on the ground.
(5) In the December 2010 Afghanistan-Pakistan Annual Review, President Obama reaffirmed
that the core goal of the United States strategy in Afghanistan is to disrupt,
dismantle, and defeat al Qaeda.
(6) In January 2010,
participants at the London Conference pledged to develop a plan for phased transition
to Afghan security lead. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and foreign
ministers of the constituent elements of the International Security Assistance
Force (ISAF) endorsed the Joint Framework for Transition in April 2010, and President
Obama and President Karzai of Afghanistan committed to the process in a May 2010
(7) At the Kabul Conference in July
2010, the international community expressed its support for the objective of President
Karzai that the Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF) should lead and conduct
all military operations in all provinces in Afghanistan by the end of 2014, support
that was later re-affirmed by North Atlantic Treaty Organization and International
Security Assistance Force member nations at the Lisbon Summit in November 2010.
(8) On May 1, 2011, in support of the goal to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al
Qaeda, President Obama authorized a United States operation that killed Osama
bin Laden, leader of al Qaeda. While the impact of his death on al Qaeda remains
to be seen, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates called the death of bin Laden a
`game changer' in a speech on May 6, 2011.
SEC. 3. BENCHMARKS
TO EVALUATE THE PROGRESS BEING MADE TOWARD THE TRANSITION OF SECURITY RESPONSIBILITIES
FOR AFGHANISTAN TO THE GOVERNMENT OF AFGHANISTAN.
Required- The President shall establish, and may update from time to time, a comprehensive
set of benchmarks to evaluate progress being made toward the transition of security
responsibilities in Afghanistan to the Government of Afghanistan.
(b) Submittal to Congress- The President shall include the most current set of
benchmarks established pursuant to subsection (a) with each report on progress
toward security and stability in Afghanistan that is submitted to Congress under
sections 1230 and 1231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year
2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 385, 390).