To establish a grant program to benefit victims of sex trafficking,
and for other purposes.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
March 16, 2011
Mr. WYDEN (for himself and Mr. CORNYN) introduced the following bill;
which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To establish a grant program to benefit victims of sex trafficking,
and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Deterrence
and Victims Support Act of 2011'.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress finds the following:
(1) Human trafficking is modern-day slavery. It is one of the fastest-growing,
and the second largest, criminal enterprise in the world. Human trafficking
generates an estimated profit of $32,000,000,000 per year, worldwide.
(2) In the United States, human trafficking is an increasing problem.
This criminal enterprise victimizes individuals in the United States,
many of them children, who are forced into prostitution, and foreigners
brought into the country, often under false pretenses, who are coerced
into forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation.
(3) Sex trafficking is one of the most lucrative areas of human trafficking.
Criminal gang members in the United States are increasingly involved
in recruiting young women and girls into sex trafficking. Interviews
with gang members indicate that the gang members regard working as
an individual who solicits customers for a prostitute (commonly known
as a `pimp') to being as lucrative as trafficking in drugs, but with
a much lower chance of being criminally convicted.
(4) National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway and Throwaway
Children, the definitive study of episodes of missing children, found
that of the children who are victims of non-family abduction, runaway
or throwaway children, the police are alerted by family or guardians
in only 21 percent of the cases. In 79 percent of cases there is no
report and no police involvement, and therefore no official attempt
to find the child.
(5) In 2007, the Administration of Children and Families, Department
of Health and Human Services, reported to the Federal Government 265,000
cases of serious physical, sexual, or psychological abuse of children.
(6) Experts estimate that each year at least 100,000 children in the
United States are exploited through prostitution.
(7) Children who have run away from home are at a high risk of becoming
exploited through sex trafficking. Children who have run away multiple
times are at much higher risk of not returning home and of engaging
(8) The vast majority of children involved in sex trafficking have
suffered previous sexual or physical abuse, live in poverty, or have
no stable home or family life. These children require a comprehensive
framework of specialized treatment and mental health counseling that
addresses post-traumatic stress, depression, and sexual exploitation.
(9) The average age of first exploitation through prostitution is
13. Seventy-five percent of minors exploited through prostitution
have a pimp. A pimp can earn $200,000 per year prostituting 1 sex
(10) Sex trafficking of minors is a complex and varied criminal problem
that requires a multi-disciplinary, cooperative solution. Reducing
trafficking will require the Government to address victims, pimps,
and johns, and to provide training specific to sex trafficking for
law enforcement officers and prosecutors, and child welfare, public
health, and other social service providers.
(11) Human trafficking is a criminal enterprise that imposes significant
costs on the economy of the United States. Government and non-profit
resources used to address trafficking include those of law enforcement,
the judicial and penal systems, and social service providers. Without
a range of appropriate treatments to help trafficking victims overcome
the trauma they have experienced, victims will continue to be exploited
by criminals and unable to support themselves, and will continue to
require Government resources, rather than being productive contributors
to the legitimate economy.
(12) Human trafficking victims are often either not identified as
trafficking victims or are mischaracterized as criminal offenders.
Both private and public sector personnel play a significant role in
identifying trafficking victims and potential victims, such as runaways.
Examples of such personnel include hotel staff, flight attendants,
health care providers, educators, and parks and recreation personnel.
Efforts to train these individuals can bolster law enforcement efforts
to reduce human trafficking.
(13) Minor sex trafficking victims are under the age of 18. Because
minors do not have the capacity to consent to their own commercial
sexual exploitation, minor sex trafficking victims should not be charged
as criminal defendants. Instead, minor victims of sex trafficking
should have access to treatment and services to help them recover
from their sexual exploitation, and should also be provided access
to appropriate compensation for harm they have suffered.
(14) Several States have recently passed or are considering legislation
that establishes a presumption that a minor charged with a prostitution
offense is a severely trafficked person and should instead be cared
for through the child protection system. Some such legislation also
provides support and services to minor sex trafficking victims who
are under the age of 18 years old. These services include safe houses,
crisis intervention programs, community-based programs, and law-enforcement
training to help officers identify minor sex trafficking victims.
(15) Sex trafficking of minors is not a problem that occurs only in
urban settings. This crime also exists in rural areas and on Indian
reservations. Efforts to address sex trafficking of minors should
include partnerships with organizations that seek to address the needs
of such underserved communities.
SEC. 3. SENSE OF CONGRESS.
It is the sense of the Congress that--
(1) the Attorney General should implement changes to the National
Crime Information Center database to ensure that--
(A) a child entered into the database will be automatically designated
as an endangered juvenile if the child has been reported missing
not less than 3 times in a 1-year period;
(B) the database is programmed to cross-reference newly entered
reports with historical records already in the database; and
(C) the database is programmed to include a visual cue on the record
of a child designated as an endangered juvenile to assist law enforcement
officers in recognizing the child and providing the child with appropriate
care and services;
(2) funds awarded under subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus
Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3750 et seq.)
(commonly known as Byrne Grants) should be used to provide education,
training, deterrence, and prevention programs relating to sex trafficking
(A) treat minor victims of sex trafficking as crime victims rather
than as criminal defendants or juvenile delinquents;
(B) adopt policies that--
(i) establish the presumption that a child under the age of 18
who is charged with a prostitution offense is a minor victim of
(ii) avoid the criminal charge of prostitution for such a child,
and instead consider such a child a victim of crime and provide
the child with appropriate services and treatment; and
(iii) strengthen criminal provisions prohibiting the purchasing
of commercial sex acts, especially with minors;
(C) amend State statutes and regulations--
(i) relating to crime victim compensation to make eligible for
such compensation any individual who is a victim of sex trafficking
as defined in section 1591(a) of title 18, United States Code,
or a comparable State law against commercial sexual exploitation
of children, and who would otherwise be ineligible for such compensation
due to participation in prostitution activities because the individual
is determined to have contributed to, consented to, benefitted
from, or otherwise participated as a party to the crime for which
the individual is claiming injury; and
(ii) relating to law enforcement reporting requirements to provide
for exceptions to such requirements for victims of sex trafficking
in the same manner as exceptions are provided to victims of domestic
violence or related crimes; and
(4) demand for commercial sex with minors must be deterred through
consistent enforcement of criminal laws against purchasing commercial
SEC. 4. SEX TRAFFICKING BLOCK GRANTS.
(a) In General- Section 204 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization
Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 14044c) is amended to read as follows:
`SEC. 204. ENHANCING STATE AND LOCAL EFFORTS TO COMBAT TRAFFICKING
`(a) Sex Trafficking Block Grants-
`(1) DEFINITIONS- In this section--
`(A) the term `Assistant Attorney General' means the Assistant Attorney
General for the Office of Justice Programs of the Department of
`(B) the term `eligible entity' means a State or unit of local government
`(i) has significant criminal activity involving sex trafficking
`(ii) has demonstrated cooperation between Federal, State, local,
and, where applicable, tribal law enforcement agencies, prosecutors,
and social service providers in addressing sex trafficking of
`(iii) has developed a workable, multi-disciplinary plan to combat
sex trafficking of minors, including--
`(I) the establishment of a shelter for minor victims of sex
trafficking, through existing or new facilities;
`(II) the provision of rehabilitative care to minor victims
of sex trafficking;
`(III) the provision of specialized training for law enforcement
officers and social service providers for all forms of sex trafficking,
with a focus on sex trafficking of minors;
`(IV) prevention, deterrence, and prosecution of offenses involving
sex trafficking of minors;
`(V) cooperation or referral agreements with organizations providing
outreach or other related services to runaway and homeless youth;
`(VI) law enforcement protocols or procedures to screen all
individuals arrested for prostitution, whether adult or minor,
for victimization by sex trafficking and by other crimes, such
as sexual assault and domestic violence; and
`(iv) provides an assurance that, under the plan under clause
(iii), a minor victim of sex trafficking shall not be required
to collaborate with law enforcement to have access to any shelter
or services provided with a grant under this section;
`(C) the term `minor victim of sex trafficking' means an individual
`(i) under the age of 18 years old, and is a victim of an offense
described in section 1591(a) of title 18, United States Code,
or a comparable State law; or
`(ii) at least 18 years old but not more than 20 years old, and
who, on the day before the individual attained 18 years of age,
was described in clause (i) and was receiving shelter or services
as a minor victim of sex trafficking;
`(D) the term `qualified non-governmental organization' means an
`(i) is not a State or unit of local government, or an agency
of a State or unit of local government;
`(ii) has demonstrated experience providing services to victims
of sex trafficking or related populations (such as runaway and
homeless youth), or employs staff specialized in the treatment
of sex trafficking victims; and
`(iii) demonstrates a plan to sustain the provision of services
beyond the period of a grant awarded under this section;
`(E) the term `severe forms of trafficking in persons' has the meaning
given that term in section 103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection
Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102); and
`(F) the term `sex trafficking of a minor' means an offense described
in subsection (a) of section 1591 of title 18, United States Code,
the victim of which is a minor.
`(A) IN GENERAL- The Assistant Attorney General, in consultation
with the Assistant Secretary for Children and Families of the Department
of Health and Human Services, is authorized to award block grants
to 6 eligible entities in different regions of the United States
to combat sex trafficking of minors, and not fewer than 1 of the
block grants shall be awarded to an eligible entity with a State
population of less than 5,000,000. Each eligible entity awarded
a block grant under this subparagraph shall certify that Federal
funds received under the block grant will be used to combat only
interstate sex trafficking.
`(B) GRANT AMOUNT- Subject to the availability of appropriations
under subsection (g) to carry out this section, each grant awarded
under this section shall be for an amount not less than $2,000,000
and not greater than $2,500,000.
`(i) IN GENERAL- A grant awarded under this section shall be for
a period of 1 year.
`(I) IN GENERAL- The Assistant Attorney General may renew a
grant under this section for two 1-year periods.
`(II) PRIORITY- In awarding grants in any fiscal year after
the first fiscal year in which grants are awarded under this
section, the Assistant Attorney General shall give priority
to applicants that received a grant in the preceding fiscal
year and are eligible for renewal under this subparagraph, taking
into account any evaluation of such applicant conducted pursuant
to paragraph (5), if available.
`(D) CONSULTATION- In carrying out this section, consultation by
the Assistant Attorney General with the Assistant Secretary for
Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services
shall include consultation with respect to grantee evaluations,
the avoidance of unintentional duplication of grants, and any other
areas of shared concern.
`(A) ALLOCATION- For each grant awarded under paragraph (2)--
`(i) not less than 67 percent of the funds shall be used by the
eligible entity to provide shelter and services (as described
in clauses (i) through (iv) of subparagraph (B)) to minor victims
of sex trafficking through qualified nongovernmental organizations;
`(ii) not less than 10 percent of the funds shall be awarded by
the eligible entity to one or more qualified nongovernmental organizations
with annual revenues of less than $750,000, to provide services
to minor victims of sex trafficking or training for service providers
related to sex trafficking of minors.
`(B) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES- Grants awarded pursuant to paragraph
(2) may be used for--
`(i) providing shelter to minor victims of sex trafficking, including
temporary or long-term placement as appropriate;
`(ii) providing 24-hour emergency social services response for
minor victims of sex trafficking;
`(iii) providing minor victims of sex trafficking with clothing
and other daily necessities needed to keep such victims from returning
to living on the street;
`(iv) case management services for minor victims of sex trafficking;
`(v) mental health counseling for minor victims of sex trafficking,
including specialized counseling and substance abuse treatment;
`(vi) legal services for minor victims of sex trafficking;
`(vii) specialized training for law enforcement personnel, social
service providers, public sector personnel, and private sector
personnel likely to encounter sex trafficking victims on issues
related to the sex trafficking of minors and severe forms of trafficking
`(viii) funding salaries, in whole or in part, for law enforcement
officers, including patrol officers, detectives, and investigators,
except that the percentage of the salary of the law enforcement
officer paid for by funds from a grant awarded under paragraph
(2) shall not be more than the percentage of the officer's time
on duty that is dedicated to working on cases involving sex trafficking
`(ix) subject to subparagraph (C), funding salaries for State
and local prosecutors, including assisting in paying trial expenses
for prosecution of sex trafficking offenders;
`(x) investigation expenses for cases involving sex trafficking
of minors, including--
`(II) consultants with expertise specific to cases involving
sex trafficking of minors;
`(IV) any other technical assistance expenditures;
`(xi) outreach and education programs to provide information about
deterrence and prevention of sex trafficking of minors;
`(xii) programs to provide treatment to individuals charged or
cited with purchasing or attempting to purchase sex acts in cases
`(I) a treatment program can be mandated as a condition of a
sentence, fine, suspended sentence, or probation, or is an appropriate
alternative to criminal prosecution; and
`(II) the individual was not charged with purchasing or attempting
to purchase sex acts with a minor; and
`(xiii) screening and referral of minor victims of severe forms
of trafficking in persons.
`(C) LIMITATION ON USE FOR SALARIES- The percentage of the total
salary of a State or local prosecutor that is paid using a grant
awarded pursuant to paragraph (2) shall be not more than the percentage
of the total number of hours worked by the prosecutor that is spent
working on cases involving sex trafficking of minors.
`(A) IN GENERAL- Each eligible entity desiring a grant under this
section shall submit an application to the Assistant Attorney General
at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information
as the Assistant Attorney General may reasonably require.
`(B) CONTENTS- Each application submitted pursuant to subparagraph
`(i) describe the activities for which assistance under this section
is sought; and
`(ii) provide such additional assurances as the Assistant Attorney
General determines to be essential to ensure compliance with the
requirements of this section.
`(5) EVALUATION- The Assistant Attorney General shall enter into a
contract with an academic or non-profit organization that has experience
in issues related to sex trafficking of minors and evaluation of grant
programs to conduct an annual evaluation of grants made under this
section to determine the impact and effectiveness of programs funded
with grants awarded under paragraph (2).
`(b) Mandatory Exclusion- Any grantee awarded funds under this section
that is found to have utilized grant funds for any unauthorized expenditure
or otherwise unallowable cost shall not be eligible for any grant funds
awarded under the block grant for 2 fiscal years following the year
in which the unauthorized expenditure or unallowable cost is reported.
`(c) Compliance Requirement- A grantee shall not be eligible to receive
a grant under this section if within the last 5 fiscal years, the grantee
has been found to have violated the terms or conditions of a Government
grant program by utilizing grant funds for unauthorized expenditures
or otherwise unallowable costs.
`(d) Administrative Cap- The cost of administering the grants authorized
by this section shall not exceed 3 percent of the total amount appropriated
to carry out this section.
`(e) Audit Requirement- For fiscal years 2014 and 2015, the Inspector
General of the Department of Justice shall conduct an audit of all 6
grantees awarded block grants under this section.
`(f) Match Requirement- A grantee of a grant under this section shall
match at least 25 percent of a grant in the first year, 40 percent in
the second year, and 50 percent in the third year.
`(g) Authorization of Appropriations- There are authorized to be appropriated
to the Attorney General to carry out this section $15,000,000 for each
of the fiscal years 2013 through 2015.'.
(b) Sunset Provision- Effective 3 years after the date of enactment
of this Act, section 204 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization
Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 14044c) is amended to read as it read on the
day before the date of enactment of this Act.
(c) GAO Evaluation- Not later than 30 months after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct
a study of and submit to Congress a report evaluating the impact of
this Act and the amendments made by this Act in aiding minor victims
of sex trafficking in the United States and increasing the ability of
law enforcement agencies to prosecute sex trafficking offenders, which
shall include recommendations, if any, regarding any legislative or
administrative action the Comptroller General determines appropriate.
SEC. 5. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
(a) Reporting Requirement for State Child Welfare Agencies-
(1) REQUIREMENT FOR STATE CHILD WELFARE AGENCIES TO REPORT CHILDREN
MISSING OR ABDUCTED- Section 471(a) of the Social Security Act (42
U.S.C. 671(a)) is amended--
(A) in paragraph (32), by striking `and' after the semicolon;
(B) in paragraph (33), by striking the period and inserting `; and';
(C) by inserting after paragraph (33) the following:
`(34) provides that the State has in effect procedures that require
the State agency to promptly report information on missing or abducted
children to the law enforcement authorities for entry into the National
Crime Information Center (NCIC) database of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, established pursuant to section 534 of title 28, United
(2) REGULATIONS- The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall
promulgate regulations implementing the amendments made by paragraph
(1). The regulations promulgated under this subsection shall include
provisions to withhold Federal funds from any State that fails to
substantially comply with the requirement imposed under the amendments
made by paragraph (1).
(3) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take
effect on the date that is 1 year after the date of the enactment
of this Act, without regard to whether final regulations required
under paragraph (2) have been promulgated.
(b) Annual Statistical Summary- Section 3701(c) of the Crime Control
Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 5779(c)) is amended by inserting `, which shall
include the total number of reports received and the total number of
entries made to the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database
of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, established pursuant to section
534 of title 28, United States Code.' after `this title'.
(c) State Reporting- Section 3702 of the Crime Control Act of 1990 (42
U.S.C. 5780) is amended in paragraph (4)--
(1) by striking `(2)' and inserting `(3)';
(2) in subparagraph (A), by inserting `, and a photograph taken within
the previous 180 days' after `dental records';
(3) in subparagraph (B), by striking `and' after the semicolon;
(4) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D); and
(5) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
`(C) notify the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
of each report received relating to a child reported missing from
a foster care family home or childcare institution; and'.
SEC. 6. PROTECTION FOR CHILD TRAFFICKING VICTIMS AND SURVIVORS.
Section 225(b) of the Trafficking Victims Reauthorization Act of 2008
(22 U.S.C. 7101 note) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking `and' at the end;
(2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
(3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
`(2) protects children exploited through prostitution by including
safe harbor provisions that--
`(A) treat an individual under 18 years of age who has been arrested
for offering to engage in or engaging in a sexual act with another
person in exchange for monetary compensation as a victim of a severe
form of trafficking in persons;
`(B) prohibit the charging or prosecution of an individual described
in subparagraph (A) for a prostitution offense;
`(C) require the referral of an individual described in subparagraph
(A) to comprehensive service or community-based programs that provide
assistance to child victims of commercial sexual exploitation, to
the extent that comprehensive service or community-based programs
`(D) provide that an individual described in subparagraph (A) shall
not be required to prove fraud, force, or coercion in order to receive
the protections described under this paragraph; and'.
SEC. 7. SUBPOENA AUTHORITY.
Section 566(e)(1) of title 28, United States Code, is amended--
(1) in subparagraph (A), by striking `and' at the end;
(2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end and inserting
`; and'; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
`(C) issue administrative subpoenas in accordance with section 3486
of title 18, solely for the purpose of investigating unregistered
sex offenders (as defined in such section 3486).'.
SEC. 8. PROTECTION OF CHILD WITNESSES.
Section 1514 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
(i) by inserting `or its own motion,' after `attorney for the
(ii) by inserting `or investigation' after `Federal criminal case'
each place it appears;
(B) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) as paragraphs
(3), (4), and (5), respectively;
(C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
`(2) In the case of a minor witness or victim, the court shall issue
a protective order prohibiting harassment or intimidation of the minor
victim or witness if the court finds evidence that the conduct at issue
is reasonably likely to adversely affect the willingness of the minor
witness or victim to testify or otherwise participate in the Federal
criminal case or investigation. Any hearing regarding a protective order
under this paragraph shall be conducted in accordance with paragraphs
(1) and (3), except that the court may issue an ex parte emergency protective
order in advance of a hearing if exigent circumstances are present.
If such an ex parte order is applied for or issued, the court shall
hold a hearing not later than 14 days after the date such order was
applied for or is issued.';
(D) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by striking `(and not
by reference to the complaint or other document)'; and
(E) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, in the second sentence,
by inserting before the period at the end the following: `, except
that in the case of a minor victim or witness, the court may order
that such protective order expires on the later of 3 years after
the date of issuance or the date of the eighteenth birthday of that
minor victim or witness'; and
(2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
`(c) Whoever knowingly and intentionally violates or attempts to violate
an order issued under this section shall be fined under this title,
imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
`(d)(1) As used in this section--
`(A) the term `course of conduct' means a series of acts over a period
of time, however short, indicating a continuity of purpose;
`(B) the term `harassment' means a serious act or course of conduct
directed at a specific person that--
`(i) causes substantial emotional distress in such person; and
`(ii) serves no legitimate purpose;
`(C) the term `immediate family member' has the meaning given that
term in section 115 and includes grandchildren;
`(D) the term `intimidation' means a serious act or course of conduct
directed at a specific person that--
`(i) causes fear or apprehension in such person; and
`(ii) serves no legitimate purpose;
`(E) the term `restricted personal information' has the meaning give
that term in section 119;
`(F) the term `serious act' means a single act of threatening, retaliatory,
harassing, or violent conduct that is reasonably likely to influence
the willingness of a victim or witness to testify or participate in
a Federal criminal case or investigation; and
`(G) the term `specific person' means a victim or witness in a Federal
criminal case or investigation, and includes an immediate family member
of such a victim or witness.
`(2) For purposes of subparagraphs (B)(ii) and (D)(ii) of paragraph
(1), a court shall presume, subject to rebuttal by the person, that
the distribution or publication using the Internet of a photograph of,
or restricted personal information regarding, a specific person serves
no legitimate purpose, unless that use is authorized by that specific
person, is for news reporting purposes, is designed to locate that specific
person (who has been reported to law enforcement as a missing person),
or is part of a government-authorized effort to locate a fugitive or
person of interest in a criminal, antiterrorism, or national security
SEC. 9. SENTENCING GUIDELINES.
Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States
Code, and in accordance with this section, the United States Sentencing
Commission shall review and amend the Federal sentencing guidelines
and policy statements to ensure--
(1) that the guidelines provide an additional penalty increase of
up to 8 offense levels, if appropriate, above the sentence otherwise
applicable in Part J of the Guidelines Manual if the defendant was
convicted of a violation of section 1591 of title 18, United States
Code, or chapters 109A, 109B, 110 or 117 of title 18, United States
(2) if the offense described in paragraph (1) involved causing or
threatening to cause physical injury to a person under 18 years of
age, in order to obstruct the administration of justice, an additional
penalty increase of up to 12 levels, if appropriate, above the sentence
otherwise applicable in Part J of the Guidelines Manual.
SEC. 10. MINIMUM PENALTIES FOR POSSESSION OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY.
(a) Certain Activities Relating to Material Involving the Sexual Exploitation
of Minors- Section 2252(b)(2) of title 18, United States Code, is amended
by inserting after `but if' the following: `any visual depiction involved
in the offense involved a prepubescent minor or a minor who had not
attained 12 years of age, such person shall be fined under this title
and imprisoned for not less than 1 year nor more than 20 years, or if'.
(b) Certain Activities Relating to Material Constituting or Containing
Child Pornography- Section 2252A(b)(2) of title 18, United States Code,
is amended by inserting after `but, if' the following: `any image of
child pornography involved in the offense involved a prepubescent minor
or a minor who had not attained 12 years of age, such person shall be
fined under this title and imprisoned for not less than 1 year nor more
than 20 years, or if'.
SEC. 11. ADMINISTRATIVE SUBPOENAS.
(a) In General- Section 3486(a)(1) of title 18, United States Code,
(1) in subparagraph (A)--
(A) in clause (i), by striking `or' at the end;
(B) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii); and
(C) by inserting after clause (i) the following:
`(ii) an unregistered sex offender conducted by the United States
Marshals Service, the Director of the United States Marshals Service;
(2) in subparagraph (D)--
(A) by striking `paragraph, the term' and inserting the following:
(B) by striking the period at the end and inserting `; and'; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
`(ii) the term `sex offender' means an individual required to register
under the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (42 U.S.C.
16901 et seq.).'.
(b) Technical and Conforming Amendments- Section 3486(a) of title 18,
United States Code, is amended--
(1) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking `United State' and inserting
(2) in paragraph (9), by striking `(1)(A)(ii)' and inserting `(1)(A)(iii)';
(3) in paragraph (10), by striking `paragraph (1)(A)(ii)' and inserting
SEC. 12. REDUCING UNNECESSARY PRINTING AND PUBLISHING COSTS OF GOVERNMENT
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the
Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall coordinate with
the heads of Federal departments and independent agencies to--
(1) determine which Government publications could be available on
Government Web sites and no longer printed and to devise a strategy
to reduce overall Government printing costs beginning with fiscal
year 2013, except that the Director shall ensure that essential printed
documents prepared for Social Security recipients, Medicare beneficiaries,
and other populations in areas with limited internet access or use
continue to remain available;
(2) establish Governmentwide Federal guidelines on employee printing;
(3) issue on the Office of Management and Budget's public Web site
the results of a cost-benefit analysis on implementing a digital signature
system and on establishing employee printing identification systems,
such as the use of individual employee cards or codes, to monitor
the amount of printing done by Federal employees, except that the
Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall ensure that
Federal employee printing costs unrelated to national defense, homeland
security, border security, national disasters, and other emergencies
do not exceed $860,000,000 annually for fiscal years 2013 through
(4) issue guidelines requiring every department, agency, commission
or office to list at a prominent place near the beginning of each
publication distributed to the public and issued or paid for by the
Federal Government the following:
(A) The name of the issuing agency, department, commission or office.
(B) The total number of copies of the document printed.
(C) The collective cost of producing and printing all of the copies
of the document.
(D) The name of the firm publishing the document.
SEC. 13. BUDGETARY EFFECTS.
The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with
the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference
to the latest statement titled `Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'
for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by
the Chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, provided that such statement
has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.